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When workplace bullying spreads workplace deviance through anger and neuroticism

Sadia Jahanzeb (Goodman School of Business, Brock University, St. Catharines, Canada)
Tasneem Fatima (International Islamic University, Islamabad, Pakistan)
Dirk De Clercq (Goodman School of Business, Brock University, St. Catharines, Canada)

International Journal of Organizational Analysis

ISSN: 1934-8835

Article publication date: 9 November 2020

Issue publication date: 15 July 2021

637

Abstract

Purpose

With a basis in affective events theory, this study aims to investigate the mediating role of anger in the relationship between employees’ exposure to workplace bullying and their engagement in deviant behaviours, as well as the invigorating role of their neuroticism in this process.

Design/methodology/approach

Three-wave, time-lagged data were collected from employees and their peers in a sample of Pakistani organizations.

Findings

Workplace bullying spurs interpersonal and organizational deviance because it prompts feelings of anger in employees. This mechanism is more prominent among employees with high levels of neuroticism.

Originality/value

This study reveals that the experience of anger is a key feature by which bullying behaviours steer employees towards counterproductive work behaviours, and this harmful process is more likely to escalate when employees’ personality makes them more vulnerable to emotional distress.

Keywords

Citation

Jahanzeb, S., Fatima, T. and De Clercq, D. (2021), "When workplace bullying spreads workplace deviance through anger and neuroticism", International Journal of Organizational Analysis, Vol. 29 No. 4, pp. 1074-1090. https://doi.org/10.1108/IJOA-03-2020-2094

Publisher

:

Emerald Publishing Limited

Copyright © 2020, Emerald Publishing Limited

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