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Machine learning and artificial intelligence-induced technostress in organizations: a study on automation-augmentation paradox with socio-technical systems as coping mechanisms

Amit Kumar (Department of Marketing and International Business, KJ Somaiya Institute of Management Studies and Research, Mumbai, India)
Bala Krishnamoorthy (Department of Business Environment and Strategy, Narsee Monjee Institute of Management Studies University, Mumbai, India)
Som Sekhar Bhattacharyya (Department of Strategy and Entrepreneurship, Indian Institute of Management Nagpur, Nagpur, India)

International Journal of Organizational Analysis

ISSN: 1934-8835

Article publication date: 19 May 2023

Issue publication date: 5 April 2024

1397

Abstract

Purpose

This research study aims to inquire into the technostress phenomenon at an organizational level from machine learning (ML) and artificial intelligence (AI) deployment. The authors investigated the role of ML and AI automation-augmentation paradox and the socio-technical systems as coping mechanisms for technostress management amongst managers.

Design/methodology/approach

The authors applied an exploratory qualitative method and conducted in-depth interviews based on a semi-structured interview questionnaire. Data were collected from 26 subject matter experts. The data transcripts were analyzed using thematic content analysis.

Findings

The study results indicated that role ambiguity, job insecurity and the technology environment contributed to technostress because of ML and AI technologies deployment. Complexity, uncertainty, reliability and usefulness were primary technology environment-related stress. The novel integration of ML and AI automation-augmentation interdependence, along with socio-technical systems, could be effectively used for technostress management at the organizational level.

Research limitations/implications

This research study contributed to theoretical discourse regarding the technostress in organizations because of increased ML and AI technologies deployment. This study identified the main techno stressors and contributed critical and novel insights regarding the theorization of coping mechanisms for technostress management in organizations from ML and AI deployment.

Practical implications

The phenomenon of technostress because of ML and AI technologies could have restricting effects on organizational performance. Executives could follow the simultaneous deployment of ML and AI technologies-based automation-augmentation strategy along with socio-technical measures to cope with technostress. Managers could support the technical up-skilling of employees, the realization of ML and AI value, the implementation of technology-driven change management and strategic planning of ML and AI technologies deployment.

Originality/value

This research study was among the first few studies providing critical insights regarding the technostress at the organizational level because of ML and AI deployment. This research study integrated the novel theoretical paradigm of ML and AI automation-augmentation paradox and the socio-technical systems as coping mechanisms for technostress management.

Keywords

Acknowledgements

The authors would like to acknowledge the editor-in-chief, associate editor and anonymous reviewers for their valuable comments during the review process.

Citation

Kumar, A., Krishnamoorthy, B. and Bhattacharyya, S.S. (2024), "Machine learning and artificial intelligence-induced technostress in organizations: a study on automation-augmentation paradox with socio-technical systems as coping mechanisms", International Journal of Organizational Analysis, Vol. 32 No. 4, pp. 681-701. https://doi.org/10.1108/IJOA-01-2023-3581

Publisher

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Emerald Publishing Limited

Copyright © 2023, Emerald Publishing Limited

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