Emphasizing the importance of product cost deviation; the purpose of this paper is to contribute to the new product development (NPD) literature and research on decision making by discussing: How are decisions related to product cost deviations made during a product development project?
An in-depth single case study approach studying the decision-making process of Volvo Cars Cooperation during a car development project is applied.
The paper suggests that factors influencing how decisions related to cost deviations are made during a NPD are not limited to the classic trade-offs among time, cost and scope, but include managers’ complex cause-and-effect analysis under the influence of values, behaviors and norms. Furthermore, the context is not limited to NPD projects; rather the frame for the decisions and its influencers is at least as wide as the corporate context.
The common limitations of a single case study apply.
The study emphasizes the importance of clearly defined targets during a NPD project that need to well communicated, acknowledged and understood by all involved to serve as true business levers. A poor target is likely better than no target. Furthermore, lack of overview or responsibility for the success of the projects, increase the risk for sub-optimization and silo thinking.
The study is pioneering by highlighting the importance of and explaining the implications of decision making related to cost deviations during a NPD project.
Thore Olsson, A.-C., Johannesson, U. and Schweizer, R. (2018), "Decision-making and cost deviation in new product development projects", International Journal of Managing Projects in Business, Vol. 11 No. 4, pp. 1066-1085. https://doi.org/10.1108/IJMPB-02-2018-0029
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