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The social representation of success in IT projects

Luiz Antonio Joia (Fundacao Getulio Vargas, Rio de Janeiro, Brazil)
Marcela Melon (Fundacao Getulio Vargas, Rio de Janeiro, Brazil)

International Journal of Managing Projects in Business

ISSN: 1753-8378

Article publication date: 29 July 2019

Issue publication date: 29 October 2020

Abstract

Purpose

The purpose of this paper is to unveil the perception of information technology (IT) professionals in Brazil regarding the success of IT projects.

Design/methodology/approach

By using the social representation theory and the words evocation technique, data were collected from IT professionals in Brazil, being subsequently processed so as to identify the central nucleus of the social representation of the success of IT projects for IT professionals in Brazil.

Findings

IT professionals in Brazil perceive the central core of the social representation of the success of IT projects as formed by “satisfaction” and “scope.” Furthermore, while a considerable amount of IT professionals in Brazil still consider cost, quality and time as relevant factors for the success of IT projects, they do not consider them the most important factors. Moreover, these professionals overlook the financial dimension of the success of IT projects.

Research limitations/implications

Errors of inference may have been made during the categorization of the words evoked. Furthermore, the sample adopted refers exclusively to IT professionals in Brazil, which limits the universality of the work.

Practical implications

Organizations and project management associations must take into account the utmost importance of customer satisfaction for the success of IT projects. Besides, these associations must develop IT project success criteria that account for the financial, business and strategic impact of the success of IT projects in organizations.

Originality/value

IT project success is perceived by IT professionals in Brazil merely from the adherence to scope and customer satisfaction dimensions, leaving aside the importance of project profitability and the strategic impacts of same in the performance of organizations, as well as their future.

Keywords

Citation

Joia, L.A. and Melon, M. (2020), "The social representation of success in IT projects", International Journal of Managing Projects in Business, Vol. 13 No. 7, pp. 1578-1599. https://doi.org/10.1108/IJMPB-01-2019-0005

Publisher

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Emerald Publishing Limited

Copyright © 2019, Emerald Publishing Limited