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The migration and institutional sheltering of children and adolescents in the Federal District, Brazil

Maria Aparecida Penso (Department of Psychology, Catholic University of Brasilia, Brasília, Brazil.)
Cláudia Cristina Fukuda (Department of Psychology, Catholic University of Brasilia, Brasília, Brazil.)
Liana Fortunato Costa (Department of Clinical Psychology and Culture, University of Brasilia, Brasília, Brazil.)
Luisa Villela (Department of Psychology, Catholic University of Brasilia, Brasília, Brazil.)

International Journal of Migration, Health and Social Care

ISSN: 1747-9894

Article publication date: 12 June 2017

Abstract

Purpose

The purpose of this paper is to relate the phenomenon of migration to the Federal District (DF, Brazil), with the figures for institutional shelter of children and adolescents.

Design/methodology/approach

The method chosen was the documental analysis of special folders that were processed in the Defense Office for Children and Adolescents of the DF from January 2007 to August 2009. The sample consisted of 545 special folders, referring to a total of 1,007 children and adolescents.

Findings

The results indicate that most children and adolescents received at the shelters were from families living in the satellite cities of the DF (53.4 percent) and surroundings (8.3 percent), and were mainly from rural areas of the Northeast region of the country and also from the deprived areas of the states of Goiás and Minas Gerais, near the DF. Among the main reasons for institutional shelter, is violence, abandonment by family, poverty and living on the streets.

Research limitations/implications

It can be inferred that the policies of “population clusters” in the DF were responsible for this migratory process and population growth of satellite cities and surrounding areas. It is understood in this way that the migration processes resulted in the rupture of the bond with the family of origin and an insertion into a reality, which again challenge these families in a situation of poverty and violence.

Social implications

The reality of vulnerability and social exclusion of migrant families who leave their support networks in their home states need urgent attention of local public policies, especially with regard to encouraging the construction of other support networks and creating contexts of cultural identification in the communities, especially the neediest. The support and presence of quality public services in these communities and the preventive action of social policies are also considered essential to ensure quality of life and adequate subsistence to the people who migrate to the DF.

Originality/value

Brasília became the symbol of hope for unemployed people or for those suffering from their income being below the poverty level. Faced with this migratory reality, this paper discusses the situation of families of children and adolescents institutionally sheltered in the DF, given their social situation regarding poverty, unemployment, lack of support from their family of origin and lack of access of distribution of public policies and income generation.

Keywords

Citation

Penso, M.A., Fukuda, C.C., Costa, L.F. and Villela, L. (2017), "The migration and institutional sheltering of children and adolescents in the Federal District, Brazil", International Journal of Migration, Health and Social Care, Vol. 13 No. 2, pp. 173-184. https://doi.org/10.1108/IJMHSC-05-2015-0018

Publisher

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Emerald Publishing Limited

Copyright © 2017, Emerald Publishing Limited