A comparative study of Turkish-speaking migrants and natives living in Vienna/Austria concerning their life satisfaction – with a particular focus on satisfaction regarding their health

Zeliha Özlü-Erkilic (Outpatient Clinic of Transcultural Psychiatry and Migration Induced Disorders in Childhood and Adolescence, Department of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry, Medical University of Vienna, Vienna, Austria)
Dietmar Winkler (Department of Psychiatry and Psychotherapy, Medical University of Vienna, Vienna, Austria)
Christian Popow (Department of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry, Medical University of Vienna, Vienna, Austria)
Heidi Elisabeth Zesch (Department of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry, Medical University of Vienna, Vienna, Austria)
Türkan AKKAYA-KALAYCI (Outpatient Clinic of Transcultural Psychiatry and Migration Induced Disorders in Childhood and Adolescence, Department of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry, Medical University of Vienna, Vienna, Austria)

International Journal of Migration, Health and Social Care

ISSN: 1747-9894

Publication date: 21 September 2015

Abstract

Purpose

The migration background can influence the life satisfaction of migrants. The purpose of this paper is to examine the life satisfaction of migrants and particularly the satisfaction regarding their health in comparison to natives.

Design/methodology/approach

The life satisfaction of 50 Turkish-speaking migrants living in Vienna was compared with the life satisfaction of 50 native Austrians by the questionnaire of life satisfaction by Fahrenberg et al. (2000).

Findings

Turkish-speaking migrants had lower values than natives in all scales of the questionnaire concerning life satisfaction. Turkish-speaking women reported the lowest satisfaction regarding their health state. In the migrant group the satisfaction regarding health decreased with increasing age.

Research limitations/implications

The Turkish version of the questionnaire was translated into Turkish by authors but not formally validated. Furthermore acculturation strategies as well as the mental and physical health state of the participant, which can crucially influence the life satisfaction of migrants, were not surveyed.

Practical implications

Migrants have lower life satisfaction possibly because of their physical and mental health problems. Therefore in countries with a high proportion of migrants the health-care system should be adapted for the needs of migrants, especially for the needs of women and older migrants in order to increase the utilization of the health-care services, primarily the use of the preventive health-care services.

Social implications

The results of the present study can be helpful to develop strategies for improving the life satisfaction of migrants, especially the satisfaction regarding their health.

Originality/value

To the authors’ knowledge, the present study is the first research project in Vienna conducted to estimate the impact of migration background on life satisfaction.

Keywords

Citation

Özlü-Erkilic, Z., Winkler, D., Popow, C., Zesch, H. and AKKAYA-KALAYCI, T. (2015), "A comparative study of Turkish-speaking migrants and natives living in Vienna/Austria concerning their life satisfaction – with a particular focus on satisfaction regarding their health", International Journal of Migration, Health and Social Care, Vol. 11 No. 3, pp. 206-217. https://doi.org/10.1108/IJMHSC-05-2013-0005

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Publisher

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Emerald Group Publishing Limited

Copyright © 2015, Emerald Group Publishing Limited

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