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Health harm of work from the sustainable HRM perspective: scale development and validation

Sugumar Mariappanadar (School of Business, Australian Catholic University, Melbourne, Australia)

International Journal of Manpower

ISSN: 0143-7720

Article publication date: 5 September 2016




The purpose of this paper is to develop a health harm of work scale from the sustainable HRM perspective.


A three-dimensional model was proposed for the health harm of work scale and validated (Total n=527) using a five-part study (item generation, item reduction, convergent, construct and discriminant validity).


Exploratory and confirmatory factor analyses supported that the three dimensions (restrictions for positive health, the risk factors for psychological health and the side effect harm of work) simultaneously tap into different aspects of the health harm of work construct. The results from the construct validity revealed that health harm of work as a phenomenon has manifested itself in different facets of health harm of work intensification. Finally, the discriminant validity study revealed that the overlap between the dimensions of the health harm of work scale and the dimensions of recovery experience from the work questionnaire is low and it provides support for the discriminant validity of dimensions between these two scales.

Practical implications

The proposed measure can be used as potential leading indicators for negative occupational health to prevent or delay the onset of work-related illness manifestation or health consequences (sick leave, absenteeism, presenteeism, etc.).


This is the first study to validate a measure of health harm of work and to provide tangible evidence of health harm of work which will subsequently trigger organizations to introduce a planned intervention to improve occupational well-being to promote sustainable HRM.



Mariappanadar, S. (2016), "Health harm of work from the sustainable HRM perspective: scale development and validation", International Journal of Manpower, Vol. 37 No. 6, pp. 924-944.



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Copyright © 2016, Emerald Group Publishing Limited

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