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The gender gap in voluntary turnover

Benjamin Artz (Department of Economics, University of Wisconsin – Oshkosh, Oshkosh, Wisconsin, USA)

International Journal of Manpower

ISSN: 0143-7720

Article publication date: 2 November 2023




The study's objective is to measure the gender gap in quit behavior, consider whether it has changed over time and determine whether parenthood affects the gender gap in quit decisions.


The quantitative study design leverages two separate USA data sources to analyze the gender gap in quits over time. Two separate cohorts confirm the study's results in Logit, ordinary least squares (OLS) and fixed effects estimations, using the Current Population Survey (CPS) and the National Longitudinal Survey of Youth (NLSY).


After controlling for demographic and job characteristics, individual and geographic fixed effects and local unemployment rates, the study finds that the gender gap in voluntary turnover has declined over time and that parenthood's effect on quit behavior has converged between genders.


Women earn less than men. One common explanation is women's propensity to interrupt their careers, often voluntarily, more so than men. Yet, the determinants and trends of this gender gap in quit behavior has not been given much attention in the literature, including the role of parenthood.



Artz, B. (2023), "The gender gap in voluntary turnover", International Journal of Manpower, Vol. ahead-of-print No. ahead-of-print.



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