The purpose of this paper is to study how graduates’ jobs may be determined by their educational performances and social background. In particular, the authors investigate job-education mismatch and job satisfaction to evaluate whether time spent and effort exerted during university studies were compensated with a good job.
Data on the occupational status of the graduates 36 months after graduation, collected by the Padua University on its graduates, are analysed by means of univariate and multivariate methodologies. In particular, the pathways from graduates’ social capital to job satisfaction are investigated through a structural equation modelling approach.
The authors find that a minority of graduates can be considered as overeducated when considering the requirements of the labour market, but many graduates state that any degree would suffice for their job. Multivariate analyses show that graduates’ job quality is related to their university choice and outcome, high school choice and performance, social capital. Destiny is written from the beginning of the educational pathway, but students can affect their labour market future with an appropriate choice of university programme.
The qualified point of this paper lies on the complexity of the model adopted for the analysis and its ability to highlight direct and indirect effects: two job outcomes (job-major match and job satisfaction) are the variables of interest, analysed within a structural model covering all educational stages of the Italian educational pathway, from parental social background to university degree.
This work was part of two projects funded by the University of Padova: “Effectiveness indicators of tertiary education and methodological outcomes of the research on University of Padua graduates” coordinated by Luigi Fabbris (CUP CPDA081538, 2008), and “Methodology of composite indicators and their use for the evaluation of performance of municipalities and universities” coordinated by Giovanna Boccuzzo (CUP CPDA123777, 2012).
Boccuzzo, G., Fabbris, L. and Paccagnella, O. (2016), "Job-major match and job satisfaction in Italy", International Journal of Manpower, Vol. 37 No. 1, pp. 135-156. https://doi.org/10.1108/IJM-03-2014-0083Download as .RIS
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