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Promoting in-role and extra-role green behavior through ethical leadership: mediating role of green HRM and moderating role of individual green values

Talat Islam (Institute of Business Administration, University of the Punjab, Lahore, Pakistan)
Mubbsher Munawar Khan (Hailey College of Banking and Finance, University of the Punjab, Lahore, Pakistan)
Ishfaq Ahmed (Hailey College of Commerce, University of the Punjab, Lahore, Pakistan)
Khalid Mahmood (Department of Information Management, University of the Punjab, Lahore, Pakistan)

International Journal of Manpower

ISSN: 0143-7720

Article publication date: 30 December 2020

Abstract

Purpose

Human misbehaviors are responsible for climate change as they waste resources and pollute water and air that dilapidate the environment. Considering the fact and contributing to the United Nations sustainable development goals of 2019, organizations started focusing their green HRM practices to develop employees' green attitudes and behaviors. This study is an attempt in this direction. It examines the impact of ethical leadership on individuals' green in-role and extra-role behaviors with the mediating role of green HRM practices and the moderating role of individual green values.

Design/methodology/approach

The study collected data from 645 MBA executive students working in various manufacturing industries with at least one year of experience. The data were collected using a questionnaire-based survey in two-time lags.

Findings

Hypothesized relationships are tested through structural equation modeling. Findings reflected a significant impact of ethical leadership on green HRM practices, in-role, and extra-role green behaviors. Besides, green HRM practices mediated the relationship between ethical leadership and both types of green behaviors. Furthermore, it was observed that the individual green values strengthened the association between green HRM practices and both types of green behaviors.

Research limitations/implications

A cross-sectional design with time lags was used to avoid common method bias. The findings of the study contribute to supply-value-fit theory and validate the scale of individual green value.

Practical implications

This study guides management that employees only perceive their organizational practices as green when they find their leaders are ethical. Further, considering individual green values in the recruitment process can help organizations accomplishing their green goals.

Originality/value

This study is novel in examining the mediating role of green HRM practices between ethical leadership and green behaviors. Further, the analysis not only validates the scale of individual green values but also noted its moderating role between green HRM and green behaviors.

Keywords

Acknowledgements

The authors are thankful to the Editor and reviewers for their valuable comments.

Citation

Islam, T., Khan, M.M., Ahmed, I. and Mahmood, K. (2020), "Promoting in-role and extra-role green behavior through ethical leadership: mediating role of green HRM and moderating role of individual green values", International Journal of Manpower, Vol. ahead-of-print No. ahead-of-print. https://doi.org/10.1108/IJM-01-2020-0036

Publisher

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Emerald Publishing Limited

Copyright © 2020, Emerald Publishing Limited