The European Union (EU) and its European neighbourhood are mutually dependent. In the next decades, the EU will need to import foreign labour in response to different challenges. The geographical proximity, economic, cultural and historical links with EU Neighbouring countries make them an important potential source of labour force and, moreover, they are the main countries of origin and transit of legal and illegal migration towards Europe. The purpose of this paper is to analyse the impact of different EU policies on future migration flows, and to evaluate the current effect of immigration from neighbouring countries on EU labour markets.
The papers in this Special Issue combine different macro and micro approaches, and have been produced in the context of the seventhth Framework Programme EU-funded SEARCH project. The main objective of this project is to strengthen the integration process by analysing current and future trends in several areas covering trade, migration or institutional reforms among others. The first three papers focus on the analysis of the determinants of migration flows, the next four are related to immigrants’ integration and the last one explores the trade-migration link.
The evidence gathered in this Special Issue is of interest to academics and policy makers. For instance, at the aggregate level there is a need to coordinate EU migration policies with reforms in other areas such as labour market institutions or welfare systems, but also to take into account developments in immigrants’ countries of origin. Policy should focus on assessing the skills levels of immigrants and providing assistance in transferring their skills, but also on providing better information of the current needs in the EU labour markets.
The Special Issue adds to the literature on the determinants of migration and on the integration of immigrants into EU labour markets. These papers contribute to a better understanding of the complex link between the EU and the Neighbouring countries. They also leave open many questions that should clearly stimulate future research.
The research leading to these results has received funding from the European Community’s Seventh Framework Programme (FP7/2010-2.2-1) under Grant Agreement No. 266834.
Beenstock, M., Ramos, R. and Suriñach, J. (2015), "Migration, human capital and social capital: lessons for the EU neighbouring countries", International Journal of Manpower, Vol. 36 No. 4, pp. 434-440. https://doi.org/10.1108/IJM-01-2015-0001Download as .RIS
Emerald Group Publishing Limited
Copyright © 2015, Emerald Group Publishing Limited