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Determinants of carriers' intentions to use electric cargo vehicles in last-mile delivery by extending the technology acceptance model: a case study of Vietnam

An Minh Ngoc (School of Systems Engineering, Kochi University of Technology, Kami city, Japan) (Faculty of Transport Economics, University of Transport and Communications, Hanoi, Viet Nam)
Hiroaki Nishiuchi (School of Systems Engineering, Kochi University of Technology, Kami city, Japan)
Nguyen Thi Nhu (Faculty of Transport Economics, University of Transport and Communications, Hanoi, Viet Nam)

The International Journal of Logistics Management

ISSN: 0957-4093

Article publication date: 14 July 2022

Issue publication date: 18 January 2023

220

Abstract

Purpose

This study aimed two objectives: The first objective was to explore carriers' intentions to use cargo electric vehicles (EVs) and the factors influencing these intentions in last-mile delivery (LMD). The other objective was to provide recommendations for policymakers and manufacturers to promote and customize cargo EVs to meet the requirements of carriers in the LMD sector.

Design/methodology/approach

In this study the authors constructed a research framework that adjusted and extended the original technology acceptance model (TAM). The proposed model combines eight psychological factors, including attitude, perceived usefulness, perceived ease of use, perceived risk, public engagement, face consciousness, financial incentive policy and carrier intention, in which four factors, namely attitude, perceived usefulness, perceived ease of use and intention, were obtained from the original TAM and the four remaining factors, namely perceived risk, public engagement, face consciousness and financial incentive policy, were added.

Findings

The results showed that psychological factors such as attitude, perceived ease of use, perceived risk, public engagement and face consciousness might affect carriers' intentions to use electric cargo vehicles in LMD service in Vietnamese cities. These results agree with the previous studies and confirm that attitude, perceived ease of use, perceived risk, public engagement and face consciousness might be important for shaping intention to use electric cargo vehicles in emerging markets.

Research limitations/implications

This study has several limitations, first, the data were collected in Vietnam, a country with weak academic contributions. Therefore, these findings might not be generalizable to other areas. The authors expect to apply the same research framework to other countries to explore the similarities and differences across the countries. Second, the authors conducted the surveys in three cities; except for Hanoi, the other two cities are not really large markets in the LMD service sector. Third, the authors ignored the relationship between the demographic characteristics and electric cargo vehicles. Further studies should address this gap.

Practical implications

Based on the findings, manufacturers should ensure the high-quality performance of electric cargo vehicles in terms of extending driving range and shortening recharging time. Policymakers should develop the roadmaps for electric cargo vehicles, starting from switching from conventional cargo motorcycles to electric motorcycles. In addition, developing public charging infrastructure should be prioritized, which is the fundamental basis for operating electric cargo vehicles. Finally, manufacturers should research and develop a product that would improve the reputation of carriers because carriers with higher face consciousness are more likely to pursue brand-name and high-priced products in order to enhance their reputation.

Originality/value

This study contributes to the literature in two aspects: First, the authors investigated intentions to use electric cargo vehicles in LMD service, which is rare from other studies, and they further identified the psychological determinants of carriers' intentions. Second, the findings increase the knowledge of carriers' intentions and suggest implications for policymakers and manufacturers to promote the adoption of electric cargo vehicles in last-mile deliver service.

Keywords

Citation

Ngoc, A.M., Nishiuchi, H. and Nhu, N.T. (2023), "Determinants of carriers' intentions to use electric cargo vehicles in last-mile delivery by extending the technology acceptance model: a case study of Vietnam", The International Journal of Logistics Management, Vol. 34 No. 1, pp. 210-235. https://doi.org/10.1108/IJLM-12-2021-0566

Publisher

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Emerald Publishing Limited

Copyright © 2022, Emerald Publishing Limited

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