The purpose of this paper is to outline the role of organizational and cultural tools to increase supply chain security within the intermodal rail and road industry. Three main research questions are set, regarding: what organizational and cultural tools are used by companies within the intermodal rail and road industry; how these tools impact on security performance; and what environmental factors trigger the use of each tool.
In total, 13 companies within the intermodal rail and road industry have been studied in detail through in-depth case studies.
Results suggest that organizational and cultural tools impact positively on supply chain security, by reducing collusion and both operative and planning mistakes. In particular, such tools mitigate the effect of lack of cooperation and communication between partners and of inadequate partners.
Results point out that the ability of organizational and cultural tools to increase supply chain security has not been fully exploited yet. Tools to mitigate the negative effects on security of inadequacy of partners are not popular or they are not considered as powerful enough, despite it has been highlighted as the most relevant causal factor of lack of security.
This paper introduces a thorough overview of the effects of cultural and organizational tools on supply chain security and a detailed study of these tools in the area of intermodal rail-and-road transport.
Cigolini, R., Pero, M. and Sianesi, A. (2016), "Reinforcing supply chain security through organizational and cultural tools within the intermodal rail and road industry", International Journal of Logistics Management, The, Vol. 27 No. 3, pp. 816-836. https://doi.org/10.1108/IJLM-02-2014-0023Download as .RIS
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