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Reflexive professional development in reflective practice: what lesson study can offer

Özgehan Uştuk (Balıkesir University, Balikesir, Turkey)
İrem Çomoğlu (Dokuz Eylül University, Izmir, Turkey)

International Journal for Lesson and Learning Studies

ISSN: 2046-8253

Article publication date: 29 April 2021

Issue publication date: 23 July 2021




In response to the top-down professional development (PD) practice, this study conceptualizes lesson study (LS) as a bottom-up approach to foreign language teacher PD in the Turkish context. Relatedly, the authors seek to empower teachers so that they can engage in reflexive PD and claim voice over their practices.


An LS project including four teachers was implemented at a higher education language centre and conducted as a critical ethnographic study. Using ethnographic research qualitative data collection methods such as field notes, interviews and artefacts, the data were analysed with a thematic analytic approach.


Drawing on cultural-historical activity theory (CHAT), findings revealed that LS was a meta-activity that allowed teachers to be agents of the PD practices. More significantly, LS empowers teachers to have a situated impact on their development activities in addition to the meta-activity's impact on them.


This study is one of the few that goes beyond the reflective value of LS and gives contextual evidence of how reflexive PD can occur in LS. The reflexive relationship between the agent (participant–teachers) and the process (LS practice) provides a strong implication revealing the transformative impact of bottom-up PD activit(ies).



Uştuk, Ö. and Çomoğlu, İ. (2021), "Reflexive professional development in reflective practice: what lesson study can offer", International Journal for Lesson and Learning Studies, Vol. 10 No. 3, pp. 260-273.



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