To apply path dependence theory and analysis to the regulatory framework for private-rented housing in Britain, especially affecting houses in multiple occupation (HMOs) and addressing the increased involvement of the planning system through planning use classes, permitted development rights and Article 4 directions.
This paper identifies critical junctures in primary and secondary legislation for housing and planning and analyses individual local authority responses in planning policy documents and tribunal decisions.
The rise of the HMO reflects wider changes in society leading to new forms of household and inter-generational inequalities. Local authority discretion and locked-in responses have resulted in different regulatory regimes for housing and planning, recently favouring existing communities of owner-occupiers against HMO residents, seen as transient populations not committed to the neighbourhood.
Potential for further research on demographics and household formation, and on reviewing planning and appeal decisions involving HMOs.
The research is apparently the first specifically addressing planning regulation of the HMO from a path dependence perspective, in the context of planning protection of the single-family dwelling house and marginalization of other forms of housing.
The author acknowledges the help of the National Landlord Association and of my student guide.
Home, R. (2017), "Deregulating planning control over Britain’s housing stock", International Journal of Law in the Built Environment, Vol. 9 No. 3, pp. 193-206. https://doi.org/10.1108/IJLBE-07-2017-0024Download as .RIS
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