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Design of hexacopter and finite element analysis for material selection

Rituraj Raut (School of Mechanical Engineering, MIT-WPU, Pune, India)
Savitri Jadhav (MIT-WPU, Pune, India)
Nathrao B. Jadhav (MIT-WPU, Pune, India)

International Journal of Intelligent Unmanned Systems

ISSN: 2049-6427

Article publication date: 17 November 2023

Issue publication date: 16 April 2024




The purpose of this study is to offer a better and more effective hexacopter design for a 3 kg payload using finite element analysis (FEA), facilitating the use of different materials for different components that too without compromising strength.


A 3D computer-aided design (CAD) model of a hexacopter with a regular hexagonal frame is presented. Furthermore, a finite element model is developed to perform a structural analysis and determine Von Mises stress and strain values along with deformations of different components of the proposed hexacopter design.


The results establish that carbon fibre outperforms acrylonitrile butadiene (ABS) with respect to deformations. Within the permissible limits of the stress and strain values, both carbon fiber and ABS are suggested for different components. Thus, a proposed hexacopter offers lighter weight, high strength and low cost.


The use of different materials for different components is suggested by making use of static structural analysis. This encourages new research work and helps in developing new applications of hexacopter, and it has never been reported in literature. The suggested materials for the components of the hexacopter will prove to be suitable considering weight, strength and cost.



The authors are grateful to the management of Dr Vishwanath Karad MIT World Peace University, Pune, India for encouraging research in this domain area and motivating authors.


Raut, R., Jadhav, S. and Jadhav, N.B. (2024), "Design of hexacopter and finite element analysis for material selection", International Journal of Intelligent Unmanned Systems, Vol. 12 No. 2, pp. 192-219.



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