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Communication via quad/hexa-copters during disasters

D.S. Vohra (IIT Roorkee, Roorkee, India)
Pradeep Kumar Garg (IIT Roorkee, Roorkee, India)
Sanjay Ghosh (IIT Roorkee, Roorkee, India)

International Journal of Intelligent Unmanned Systems

ISSN: 2049-6427

Article publication date: 22 August 2023

Issue publication date: 16 April 2024

1486

Abstract

Purpose

The purpose is to derive the most effective place in the air for an aerial robot, viz., drone to use as an alternative communication system during disasters.

Design/methodology/approach

In this technology-driven era, various concepts are becoming the area of interest for multiple researchers. Drone technology is also one of them. The researchers, with interest in drones, are therefore trying to understand the various uses of employing drones in diverse applications which are mind-boggling, starting from civil applications (viz., an inspection of power lines, counting wildlife, delivering medical supplies to inaccessible regions, forest fire detection, and landslide measurement) to military applications (viz., real-time monitoring, surveillance, patrolling, and demining). However, one area where its usage is still to be exploited in many countries is using drones as a relay when communication lines are disrupted due to natural calamities. This will be particularly helpful in rescuing the affected people as the aerial node will enable them to communicate to the rescue team using mobiles/ordinary landline telephones even when regular communication towers are destroyed due to disastrous natural calamities, for example, tsunamis, earthquakes, and floods. Various algorithms, namely, water filling algorithm, advanced water filling algorithm, equal power distribution algorithm, and particle swarm optimization, were therefore studied and analyzed using simulation in addition to various path loss models to realize the desired place for an aerial robot, viz., drone in the air, which will eventually be used as an alternative communication system for badly hit ground users due to any disaster.

Findings

It was found that the effective combination of the water filling algorithm and particle swarm optimization algorithm may be done to place the drone in the air to increase the overall throughput of the affected ground users.

Originality/value

The research is original. None of the parts of this research paper has been published anywhere.

Keywords

Citation

Vohra, D.S., Garg, P.K. and Ghosh, S. (2024), "Communication via quad/hexa-copters during disasters", International Journal of Intelligent Unmanned Systems, Vol. 12 No. 2, pp. 169-178. https://doi.org/10.1108/IJIUS-03-2023-0023

Publisher

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Emerald Publishing Limited

Copyright © 2023, Emerald Publishing Limited

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