This study aims to examine open innovation that consists a wide range of external knowledge search activities, such external search breadth and depth, external R&D, cooperation and acquisition activities, as a response to different innovation barriers faced by Indonesian firms.
Data are derived from Indonesia innovation survey. Exploratory factor analysis is used to identify and combine innovation barriers variables. Ordered logistic estimation is used to measure the impact of innovation barriers on firm openness decision. Logistic regression is used to measure the impact of innovation barriers on firm openness indicators such as external R&D, cooperation and acquisition as the variables are binary. Finally, Tobit regression is used to measure the impact of firm openness decision on innovation performance.
The main findings indicate that different barriers to innovation lead to different firms’ openness decisions, and different decisions on openness have differentiated influence on innovation performance.
This study contributes to the innovation barrier literature by empirically testing whether experiencing barriers to innovation is associated with a broader external knowledge search activity. Previous studies tend to link innovation barriers with a narrow activity as indicated by external knowledge searching widely and deeply.
The authors acknowledge and would like to thank Centre for Science and Technology Development Studies (PAPPIPTEK), Indonesian Science Institute (LIPI) for data used in this study.
The authors also acknowledge and thanks to Directorate of Research and Community Service, Universitas Islam Indonesia (DPPM UII) for financial support (research grant) of this study under award number: 0016/Dir/DPPM/70/Pen.Unggulan/III/2020.
Hartono, A. and Rafik, A. (2021), "Linking open innovation, innovation barriers and performance of Indonesian firms", International Journal of Innovation Science, Vol. ahead-of-print No. ahead-of-print. https://doi.org/10.1108/IJIS-10-2020-0218
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