This paper aims to introduce a conceptual model for the shaping of the innovation district under the anchor approach by extracting the specifications of the fourth-generation university.
This study selected 550 resources and reduced them to 190 to achieve the most appropriate resources. This study used a meta-synthesis analysis approach using a text-mining method due to the multidisciplinary and voluminous nature of contents.
The results first reveal the shaping process and the components of innovation districts, which are: innovational urban infrastructures, knowledge economy and competitiveness and academic development. Second, this study also shows the specifications of a fourth-generation university to shape innovation districts.
This study also informs the policymakers and researchers internationally about the implementation requirements of a fourth-generation university and the shaping mechanisms of an innovation district.
This paper is pioneer about two concepts, first, it shows the shaping process of an innovation district, providing a large-scale insight about the components and second, this illustrates for the first time the specifications of a fourth-generation University practically as an anchor institute to shape innovation district.
This research did not receive any specific grant from funding agencies in the public, commercial or not-for-profit sectors. The authors thank the Editor-in-Chief and anonymous referees for their invaluable comments on an earlier version of the manuscript.
Asgari, A., Khorsandi Taskoh, A. and Ghiasi Nodooshan, S. (2021), "The required specifications of a fourth-generation university to shape innovation district under anchor approach: a meta-synthesis analysis using text mining", International Journal of Innovation Science, Vol. ahead-of-print No. ahead-of-print. https://doi.org/10.1108/IJIS-10-2020-0193
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