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Green intellectual capital heading towards green innovation and environmental performance: assessing the moderating effect of green creativity in SMEs of Pakistan

Muhammad Hamid Shahbaz (School of Business and Management Sciences, Minhaj University Lahore, Lahore, Pakistan)
Sajjad Ahmad (School of Business and Management Sciences, Minhaj University Lahore, Lahore, Pakistan)
Shahab Alam Malik (School of Business and Management Sciences, Minhaj University Lahore, Lahore, Pakistan)

International Journal of Innovation Science

ISSN: 1757-2223

Article publication date: 18 March 2024

431

Abstract

Purpose

This study aims to explore green practices within small and medium-sized enterprises (SMEs) and their implications for determining environmental performance. Targeting SMEs in Pakistan, the study examines the influence of green intellectual capital (GIC), innovation and creativity on environmental performance.

Design/methodology/approach

A comprehensive survey addressed top, middle, and lower-level managerial perspectives. A sample of 243 respondents was statistically selected, and the survey questionnaire was used to measure the key constructs of the study. Using a 5-point Likert scale, the study captured the respondents' insights regarding green practices. Data analysis was executed using SPSS for descriptive tests and Smart-PLS 4 for advanced structural equation modeling (SEM).

Findings

GIC significantly enhances green innovation within SMEs, leading to improved environmental performance. Green creativity is a crucial moderator, indicating that SMEs have higher creative approaches to counter environmental challenges. These findings accentuate the importance of fostering an environment that stimulates green creativity to uplift GIC in achieving environmental performance.

Originality/value

The study offers a profound understanding of how SMEs in Pakistan leverage GIC to elevate their environmental performance, thereby providing strategic insights for businesses aiming for sustainable growth.

Keywords

Citation

Shahbaz, M.H., Ahmad, S. and Malik, S.A. (2024), "Green intellectual capital heading towards green innovation and environmental performance: assessing the moderating effect of green creativity in SMEs of Pakistan", International Journal of Innovation Science, Vol. ahead-of-print No. ahead-of-print. https://doi.org/10.1108/IJIS-08-2023-0169

Publisher

:

Emerald Publishing Limited

Copyright © 2024, Emerald Publishing Limited

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