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Does investment in innovation impact firm performance in emerging economies? An empirical investigation of the Indian food and agricultural manufacturing industry

Manogna R.L. (Department of Economics, Birla Institute of Technology and Science – Goa Campus, Zuarinagar, India)
Aswini Kumar Mishra (Department of Economics, Birla Institute of Technology and Science – Goa Campus, Zuarinagar, India)

International Journal of Innovation Science

ISSN: 1757-2223

Article publication date: 25 February 2021

Issue publication date: 29 March 2021

257

Abstract

Purpose

The study aims to analyze the impact of Research & Development (R&D) intensity on the firm’s performance, measured by growth of sales in the emerging market like India. Innovation strategy and its outcomes for firms may be different in developing countries as compared to developed countries. Thus, a study that focuses on the emerging economy like India, with a majority of the population dependent on agriculture, is of prime importance to the firm performance in the food and agricultural manufacturing industry. For this study, the broader focus will be on one widely recognised factor which may influence the growth rate of firms, i.e. investment in innovations which is in terms of R&D expenditure.

Design/methodology/approach

The paper investigates the relationship between the R&D efforts and growth of firms in the Indian food and agricultural manufacturing industry during 2001–2019. To empirically test the relationship between firm’s growth (FG) and R&D investments, system generalised method of moments technique has been used, hence enabling to avoid problems related to endogeneity and simultaneity.

Findings

The findings reveal that investments in innovations have a positive effect on the growth of firms in the Indian food and agricultural manufacturing industry. Investment in R&D also enables the firms to reap benefits from externalities present in the industry. Further analysis reveals that younger firms grow faster when they invest in R&D. More specifically, this paper finds evidence in the case of the food and agricultural industry that import of raw materials negatively affects the FG and export intensity positively affects the growth in the case of R&D firms.

Research limitations/implications

This study suggests that the government should encourage the industries to invest optimally in R&D projects by providing favourable fiscal treatments and R&D subsidies which are observed to have positive effects in various developed countries.

Originality/value

To the best of the author’s knowledge, the current paper is the first to analyse the impact of innovation in food and agricultural industry on firm’s performance in an emerging economy context with the latest data. This paper agrees that a government initiative to increase private R&D expenditure would have favourable effects on FG as growing investments in R&D lead to further growth of the firms.

Keywords

Citation

R.L., M. and Mishra, A.K. (2021), "Does investment in innovation impact firm performance in emerging economies? An empirical investigation of the Indian food and agricultural manufacturing industry", International Journal of Innovation Science, Vol. 13 No. 2, pp. 233-248. https://doi.org/10.1108/IJIS-07-2020-0104

Publisher

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Emerald Publishing Limited

Copyright © 2021, Emerald Publishing Limited

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