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An incremental learning approach for the text categorization using hybrid optimization

Mamta Kayest (Department of Computer Engineering, National Institute of Technology Kurukshetra, Kurukshetra, India)
Sanjay Kumar Jain (Department of Computer Engineering, National Institute of Technology Kurukshetra, Kurukshetra, India)

International Journal of Intelligent Computing and Cybernetics

ISSN: 1756-378X

Article publication date: 26 June 2019

Issue publication date: 16 August 2019

Abstract

Purpose

Document retrieval has become a hot research topic over the past few years, and has been paid more attention in browsing and synthesizing information from different documents. The purpose of this paper is to develop an effective document retrieval method, which focuses on reducing the time needed for the navigator to evoke the whole document based on contents, themes and concepts of documents.

Design/methodology/approach

This paper introduces an incremental learning approach for text categorization using Monarch Butterfly optimization–FireFly optimization based Neural Network (MB–FF based NN). Initially, the feature extraction is carried out on the pre-processed data using Term Frequency–Inverse Document Frequency (TF–IDF) and holoentropy to find the keywords of the document. Then, cluster-based indexing is performed using MB–FF algorithm, and finally, by matching process with the modified Bhattacharya distance measure, the document retrieval is done. In MB–FF based NN, the weights in the NN are chosen using MB–FF algorithm.

Findings

The effectiveness of the proposed MB–FF based NN is proven with an improved precision value of 0.8769, recall value of 0.7957, F-measure of 0.8143 and accuracy of 0.7815, respectively.

Originality/value

The experimental results show that the proposed MB–FF based NN is useful to companies, which have a large workforce across the country.

Keywords

Citation

Kayest, M. and Jain, S.K. (2019), "An incremental learning approach for the text categorization using hybrid optimization", International Journal of Intelligent Computing and Cybernetics, Vol. 12 No. 3, pp. 333-351. https://doi.org/10.1108/IJICC-12-2018-0170

Publisher

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Emerald Publishing Limited

Copyright © 2019, Emerald Publishing Limited