Motion control design for unmanned ground vehicle in dynamic environment using intelligent controller

Auday Almayyahi (Department of Engineering and Design, University of Sussex, Brighton, UK)
Weiji Wang (Department of Engineering and Design, University of Sussex, Brighton, UK)
Alaa Adnan Hussein (Department of Engineering and Design, University of Sussex, Brighton, UK)
Phil Birch (Department of Engineering and Design, University of Sussex, Brighton, UK)

International Journal of Intelligent Computing and Cybernetics

ISSN: 1756-378X

Publication date: 13 November 2017

Abstract

Purpose

The motion control of unmanned ground vehicles (UGV) is a challenge in the industry of automation. The purpose of this paper is to propose a fuzzy inference system (FIS) based on sensory information for solving the navigation challenge of UGV in cluttered and dynamic environments.

Design/methodology/approach

The representation of the dynamic environment is a key element for the operational field and for the testing of the robotic navigation system. If dynamic obstacles move randomly in the operation field, the navigation problem becomes more complicated due to the coordination of the elements for accurate navigation and collision-free path within the environmental representations. This paper considers the construction of the FIS, which consists of two controllers. The first controller uses three sensors based on the obstacles distances from the front, right and left. The second controller employs the angle difference between the heading of the vehicle and the targeted angle to obtain the optimal route based on the environment and reach the desired destination with minimal running power and delay. The proposed design shows an efficient navigation strategy that overcomes the current navigation challenges in dynamic environments.

Findings

Experimental analyses are conducted for three different scenarios to investigate the validation and effectiveness of the introduced controllers based on the FIS. The reported simulation results are obtained using MATLAB software package. The results show that the controllers of the FIS consistently perform the manoeuvring task and manage the route plan efficiently, even in a complex environment that is populated with dynamic obstacles. The paper demonstrates that the destination was reached optimally using the shortest free route.

Research limitations/implications

The paper represents efforts toward building a dynamic environment filled with dynamic obstacles that move at various speeds and directions. The methodology of designing the FIS is accomplished to guide the UGV to the desired destination while avoiding collisions with obstacles. However, the methodology is approached using two-dimensional analyses. Hence, the paper suggests several extensions and variations to develop a three-dimensional strategy for further improvement.

Originality/value

This paper presents the design of a FIS and its characterizations in dynamic environments, specifically for obstacles that move at different velocities. This facilitates an improved functionality of the operation of UGV.

Keywords

Citation

Auday Almayyahi, Weiji Wang, Alaa Adnan Hussein and Phil Birch (2017) "Motion control design for unmanned ground vehicle in dynamic environment using intelligent controller", International Journal of Intelligent Computing and Cybernetics, Vol. 10 No. 4, pp. 530-548

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DOI

: https://doi.org/10.1108/IJICC-11-2016-0044

Publisher

:

Emerald Publishing Limited

Copyright © 2017, Emerald Publishing Limited

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