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Sustainable development goals and reproductive healthcare rights of internally displaced persons in India

Madhulika Sahoo (Department of Humanities and Social Sciences, National Institute of Technology Rourkela, Rourkela, India)
Jalandhar Pradhan (Department of Humanities and Social Sciences, National Institute of Technology Rourkela, Rourkela, India)

International Journal of Human Rights in Healthcare

ISSN: 2056-4902

Article publication date: 19 September 2018

Issue publication date: 21 February 2019

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Abstract

Purpose

The internally displaced persons (IDPs) are often overlooked population, falling between the cracks of international and national commitments. Displaced women and children go through more hardship than the male counterpart, as they are frequently at greater risk and do not get adequate access to the reproductive healthcare rights; they suffer from poor health amid threats of eviction. The purpose of this paper is to look into the IDPs reproductive healthcare situation in India and sustainable development goal (SDG) role in addressing the reproductive healthcare rights of the IDPs in India.

Design/methodology/approach

This paper is based on the available literature on reproductive rights of IDPs in India, analysis of the SDGs 3 and other legal safeguards.

Findings

The newly arrived IDPs in the camps have complex needs and health problems. They are susceptible to a number of health problems due to the exposure to physical and environmental threats, violence and trauma. Many of them face a loss of social networks and assets, knowledge and information in the new environment, and lack food security. They have inadequate shelter, healthcare services, sanitation and access to safe water.

Research limitations/implications

This is a viewpoint paper and most of the information in this paper are taken from different sources which are cited in the reference section. There is a lack of sufficient data on IDPs in India. Most of the IDPs figures/data are quoted from Internal Displacement Monitoring Centre and other literature.

Practical implications

To achieve the SDGs by 2030, India needs to take account of all people’s vulnerabilities to address their humanitarian and sustainable development needs. It is important that the development, humanitarian actors, along with the local communities, work collectively to respond to the health needs of the IDPs. Moreover, the active role of the government can provide the necessary assistance to guarantee the rights of IDPs health, adequate standard of living and to social security.

Originality/value

This paper highlights the reproductive healthcare rights of the IDPs in India and the challenges faced by them. It has analyzed the policy gaps. The paper also suggests few measures that can be undertaken to address those challenges under the SDGs.

Keywords

Citation

Sahoo, M. and Pradhan, J. (2019), "Sustainable development goals and reproductive healthcare rights of internally displaced persons in India", International Journal of Human Rights in Healthcare, Vol. 12 No. 1, pp. 38-49. https://doi.org/10.1108/IJHRH-12-2017-0074

Publisher

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Emerald Publishing Limited

Copyright © 2018, Emerald Publishing Limited