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Measuring the knowledge and attitudes of physicians towards patients with HIV/AIDS: study of Anatolian group

Safak Kaya (Department of Infectious Diseases and Clinical Microbiology, University of Health Sciences, Gazi Yasargil Training and Research Hospital, Diyarbakir, Turkey)
Esref Arac (Department of Internal Medicine, University of Health Sciences, Gazi Yasargil Training and Research Hospital, Diyarbakir, Turkey)
Fethiye Akgul (Department of Infectious Diseases and Clinical Microbiology, Batman Region State Hospital, Batman, Turkey)
Senol Comoglu (Department of Infectious Diseases and Clinical Microbiology, University of Health Sciences, Umraniye Training and Research Hospital, Istanbul, Turkey)
Sehmuz Kaya (Department of Orthopedy, University of Health Sciences, Van Training and Research Hospital, Van, Turkey)
Songul Araç (Department of Emergency, University of Health Sciences, Gazi Yasargil Training and Research Hospital, Diyarbakir, Turkey)
Yesim Yildiz (Department of Infectious Diseases and Clinical Microbiology, Mardin State Hospital, Mardin, Turkey)
Seyit Ali Buyuktuna (Department of Infectious Diseases and Clinical Microbiology, Faculty of Medicine, University of Cumhuriyet, Sivas, Turkey)
Bircan Kayaaslan (Department of Infectious Diseases and Clinical Microbiology, Faculty of Medicine, University of Yildirim Beyazit, Ankara, Turkey)
Emine Parlak (Department of Infectious Diseases and Clinical Microbiology, Faculty of Medicine, University of Ataturk, Erzurum, Turkey)
Birol Baysal (Department of Gastroenterology, Memorial Sisli Hospital, Istanbul, Turkey)
Faruk Karakecili (Department of Infectious Diseases and Clinical Microbiology, Faculty of Medicine, University of Erzincan, Erzincan, Turkey)
Elif Zelal Balik (Department of Infectious Diseases and Clinical Microbiology, Faculty of Medicine, University of Dicle, Diyarbakir, Turkey)
Ali Akkoç (Department of Urology, Faculty of Medicine, University of Alanya Keykubat, Antalya, Turkey)
Kevser Ozdemir (Department of Infectious Diseases and Clinical Microbiology, Faculty of Medicine, University of Pamukkale, Denizli, Turkey)
Seyhmus Kavak (Department of Radiology, University of Health Sciences, Gazi Yasargil Training and Research Hospital, Diyarbakir, Turkey)
Suat Ali Dogan (Department of Infectious Diseases and Clinical Microbiology, Adana Ceyhan State Hospital, Adana, Turkey)
Emrah Günay (Department of Nephrology, University of Health Sciences, Gazi Yasargil Training and Research Hospital, Diyarbakir, Turkey)
Semsi Nur Karabela (Department of Infectious Diseases and Clinical Microbiology, University of Health Sciences, Bakirköy Dr Sadi Konuk Training and Research Hospital, Istanbul, Turkey)
Mehmet Cabalak (Department of Infectious Diseases and Clinical Microbiology, Faculty of Medicine, University of Mustafa Kemal, Hatay, Turkey)
Yasemin Cag (Department of Infectious Diseases and Clinical Microbiology, Faculty of Medicine, University of Istanbul Medeniyet, Istanbul, Turkey)
Veli Avci (Department of Pediatric Surgery, Faculty of Medicine, University of Yuzuncu Yıl, Van, Turkey)
Yasemin Durdu (Department of Medical Services and Techniques, Vocational School of Health Services, University of Health Sciences, Istanbul, Turkey)
Zehra Kaya (Department of Dentistry, University of Health Sciences, Van Training and Research Hospital, Van, Turkey)
Damla Kilic (Bitlis Tuberculosis Dispensary, Bitlis, Turkey)
Halis Yerlikaya (Department of Medical Oncology, University of Health Sciences, Gazi Yasargil Training and Research Hospital, Diyarbakir, Turkey)
Hüseyin Tarakçı (Department of Infectious Diseases and Clinical Microbiology, Esrefpasa State Hospital, Izmir, Turkey)
Osman Mentes (Department of Infectious Diseases and Clinical Microbiology, Ergani State Hospital, Diyarbakir, Turkey)
Ayse Sağmak Tartar (Department of Infectious Diseases and Clinical Microbiology, Faculty of Medicine, University of Firat, Elazig, Turkey)
Adem Kose (Department of Infectious Diseases and Clinical Microbiology, Faculty of Medicine, University of Inonu, Malatya, Turkey)
Omer Faruk Alakus (Department of Internal Medicine, University of Health Sciences, Gazi Yasargil Training and Research Hospital, Diyarbakir, Turkey)
Ulas Aktas (Department of Neurosurgery, University of Health Sciences, Gazi Yasargil Training and Research Hospital, Diyarbakir, Turkey)
Halil Komek (Department of Nuclear Medicine, University of Health Sciences, Gazi Yasargil Training and Research Hospital, Diyarbakir, Turkey)
Selcuk Aksoz (Department of Infectious Diseases and Clinical Microbiology, Adiyaman Training and Research Hospital, Adiyaman, Turkey)

International Journal of Human Rights in Healthcare

ISSN: 2056-4902

Article publication date: 6 May 2021

133

Abstract

Purpose

This paper aims to determine the knowledge and attitudes of the physicians regarding human immunodeficiency virus (HIV)/acquired immune deficiency syndrome (AIDS), to emphasize that these patients exist and they will exist in the future and to raise awareness so as to prevent that their rights to treatment are revoked.

Design/methodology/approach

The survey was conducted via a link sent through an online system. Random physicians from 81 cities of the country were invited to the survey. The survey has 41 questions regarding knowledge and attitudes in total, including epidemiological information such as age, gender and title.

Findings

A total of 3,107 physicians has voluntarily participated in the study. In total, 2,195 (70.7%) are internal physicians and 912 (29.3%) are surgical physicians among the participant physicians. In total, 1,452 (46.7%) of the participants are specialist physicians, 608 (19.6%) of the participants are practising physician and the rest of it is physician assistants, academicians and dentists, respectively.

Originality/value

In this study, it has been found out that the physicians have a lack of knowledge on HIV/AIDS and they adopt a discriminatory attitude towards HIV-positive persons. HIV-positive patients who are exposed to discrimination and scared of being uncovered refrain from applying to hospitals for treatment, which puts public health into jeopardy due to the high viral load and these patients are faced with difficulties in coping with both medical and emotional load of the disease.

Keywords

Citation

Kaya, S., Arac, E., Akgul, F., Comoglu, S., Kaya, S., Araç, S., Yildiz, Y., Buyuktuna, S.A., Kayaaslan, B., Parlak, E., Baysal, B., Karakecili, F., Balik, E.Z., Akkoç, A., Ozdemir, K., Kavak, S., Dogan, S.A., Günay, E., Karabela, S.N., Cabalak, M., Cag, Y., Avci, V., Durdu, Y., Kaya, Z., Kilic, D., Yerlikaya, H., Tarakçı, H., Mentes, O., Sağmak Tartar, A., Kose, A., Alakus, O.F., Aktas, U., Komek, H. and Aksoz, S. (2021), "Measuring the knowledge and attitudes of physicians towards patients with HIV/AIDS: study of Anatolian group", International Journal of Human Rights in Healthcare, Vol. ahead-of-print No. ahead-of-print. https://doi.org/10.1108/IJHRH-10-2020-0093

Publisher

:

Emerald Publishing Limited

Copyright © 2021, Emerald Publishing Limited

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