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Social vulnerability and infant mortality in space dimension: an investigation of the world’s most underdeveloped West Africa coastal area

Bocong Yuan (Center for Tourism Planning Development and Research, School of Tourism Management, Sun Yat-sen University, Guangzhou, China)
Zhaoguo Wang (School of Economics and Management, Shenyang Agricultural University, Shenyang, China)
Jiannan Li (International School of Business and Finance, Sun Yat-sen University, Guangzhou, China)

International Journal of Human Rights in Healthcare

ISSN: 2056-4902

Article publication date: 7 February 2020

Issue publication date: 18 June 2020

65

Abstract

Purpose

The West Africa coastal area faced with the serious health challenge is the most underdeveloped place. Through making the visualized spatial analysis of this area, this study aims to identify which factor of social vulnerability predominantly affects infant mortality.

Design/methodology/approach

This study uses the spatial data available from NASA-affiliated institution and a geographic information system for analysis.

Findings

This study reveals that the Poverty and Adaptive Capacity Index, as economic aspect of social vulnerability, is spatially correlated with the infant mortality rate, whereas the Population Exposure Index, as population aspect of social vulnerability, does not. Thus, the economic rather than population factor is probably the driving force of high infant mortality.

Originality/value

This study clarifies the determinant of infant mortality in the West Africa coastal area in space dimension.

Keywords

Citation

Yuan, B., Wang, Z. and Li, J. (2018), "Social vulnerability and infant mortality in space dimension: an investigation of the world’s most underdeveloped West Africa coastal area", International Journal of Human Rights in Healthcare, Vol. 13 No. 3, pp. 239-248. https://doi.org/10.1108/IJHRH-10-2019-0077

Publisher

:

Emerald Publishing Limited

Copyright © 2020, Emerald Publishing Limited

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