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Psychological hardiness as a mediator variable between workplace bullying and job anxiety among early childhood teachers: implications for healthcare

Ghada Farghal Gaber Ahmed (Department of Kindergarten, College of Education, Prince Sattam bin Abdulaziz University, Wadi Al-Dawasir, Saudi Arabia and Department of Psychological Sciences, College of Education for Early Childhood, Minia University, Minia, Egypt)

International Journal of Human Rights in Healthcare

ISSN: 2056-4902

Article publication date: 26 July 2021

394

Abstract

Purpose

Early childhood teachers play a significant role in building children’s success in their first years of school. Therefore, a healthy early childhood workforce in a healthy working environment is an essential aspect of effective early childhood services. This paper aims to explore the extent to which psychological hardiness can be considered as a mediator variable between exposure to workplace bullying and job anxiety among early childhood teachers.

Design/methodology/approach

A homogeneous sample comprised of 200 early childhood teachers. For data collection, the researcher used the workplace bullying scale, the psychological hardiness scale and the job anxiety scale among early childhood teachers (prepared by the researcher).

Findings

The findings indicated that psychological hardiness mediates the relationship between exposure to workplace bullying and job anxiety among early childhood teachers.

Originality/value

The research result highlighted the necessity of providing counseling programs for early childhood teachers helping them eliminate work stress that affects their job performance. In addition, the kindergarten administration must concentrate on how to effectively communicate and cooperate with early childhood teachers in light of regulations, policies and laws to defeat the spread of workplace bullying. The results of this research contributed to the existing literature by examining the relationship between the research variables, particularly in the early childhood education context.

Keywords

Acknowledgements

The researcher thanks the jury members and everyone who contributed to data collection. The researcher also thanks sample groups for their participation in the study.Funding: this research was supported by the Deanship of Scientific Research at Prince Sattam Bin Abdulaziz University under the research project No 2020/02/11884, Alkharj, Saudi Arabia.

Citation

Ahmed, G.F.G. (2021), "Psychological hardiness as a mediator variable between workplace bullying and job anxiety among early childhood teachers: implications for healthcare", International Journal of Human Rights in Healthcare, Vol. ahead-of-print No. ahead-of-print. https://doi.org/10.1108/IJHRH-04-2021-0095

Publisher

:

Emerald Publishing Limited

Copyright © 2021, Emerald Publishing Limited

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