Health can be influenced by many factors. One of the factors is the political context of the country and democracy. The purpose of this paper is to examine the effects of freedom in press and polity index in overall, public, private and out of pocket health expenditures.
A long-term panel data approach has been used to examine the relationship between democracy and health expenditures. The authors inserted polity and freedom into press indexes in the health expenditure model.
Increase in freedom of the press and democracy will increase the overall, public and private health expenditures while they decrease out of pocket health expenditures.
Polity and freedom index has a significant impact on all the health expenditure models.
EHA initiated the idea of the study and gathered data and analyzed the model. AKK reviewed the literature and found the most appropriate variables for the model. FS wrote the paper and APR supervised the study.
Kazemi Karyani, A., Homaie Rad, E., Pourreza, A. and Shaahmadi, F. (2015), "Democracy, political freedom and health expenditures: evidence from Eastern Mediterranean countries", International Journal of Human Rights in Healthcare, Vol. 8 No. 3, pp. 187-194. https://doi.org/10.1108/IJHRH-01-2015-0001
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