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Issues and challenges in contemporary affordable public housing schemes in Malaysia: Developing an alternative model

Muhammad Bilal (Institute of Islamic Banking and Finance, International Islamic University Malaysia, Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia)
Ahamed Kameel Mydin Meera (Z Consulting Group, Petaling Jaya, Selangor, Malaysia and International Islamic University Malaysia, Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia)
Dzuljastri Abdul Razak (Department of Finance, International Islamic University Malaysia, Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia)

International Journal of Housing Markets and Analysis

ISSN: 1753-8270

Article publication date: 18 March 2019

Issue publication date: 23 September 2019

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Abstract

Purpose

This study aims to examine the issues and challenges in contemporary affordable public housing schemes and proposes an alternative affordable public housing model for low- and middle-income households in Malaysia.

Design/methodology/approach

The paper applied qualitative research method. Semi-structured in-depth interviews with four government officials were conducted to understand the provision, framework and working mechanism of selected affordable public housing schemes. A focus group with nine participants was conducted with low- and middle-income households to validate pertaining residential issues and problems in affordable public housing schemes.

Findings

The overall findings reveal that the growing plights of unaffordability, poor maintenance and mismanagement have undermined the performance of affordable public housing schemes in Malaysia. The paper indicates that Islamic Public–Private Housing Co-operative Model (IPHCM) possibly has a comparative advantage in its design and operation and therefore can be implemented as an alternative model to address these issues in contemporary affordable public housing schemes in Malaysia. The findings also offer guidelines to government officials and managers of public housing schemes to implement the IPHCM model that can help in reducing the financial burden on low- and middle-income households, improving maintenance work and enforcing effective management practices with residents’ participation.

Research limitations/implications

The paper is limited to develop a new Shariah-compliant affordable public housing model. The paper presents a design and defines the underlying Shariah concept and contracts and their working mechanisms in the proposed model. The paper has not considered other related areas in the development of IPHCM model including Shariah and subject matter expert’s perspective, consumer behavioural intention, legal and regulatory requirements.

Originality/value

The paper has relevance for policymakers and government institutions offering affordable public housing schemes to ensure successful deliverability of sustainable and affordable public housing for low- and middle-income households in Malaysia.

Keywords

Citation

Bilal, M., Meera, A.K.M. and Abdul Razak, D. (2019), "Issues and challenges in contemporary affordable public housing schemes in Malaysia: Developing an alternative model", International Journal of Housing Markets and Analysis, Vol. 12 No. 6, pp. 1004-1027. https://doi.org/10.1108/IJHMA-11-2018-0091

Publisher

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Emerald Publishing Limited

Copyright © 2019, Emerald Publishing Limited

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