This paper aims to examine whether there exists a long-run causal relationship between house prices and unemployment rates for eight major European countries.
The bootstrap panel Granger causality approach that accounts for cross-sectional dependence, slope heterogeneity and structural breaks is used to detect the direction of causality.
The empirical findings for the overall panel support the presence of unidirectional causality running from house prices to unemployment.
The findings are not only important for households but also for policymakers concerned with economic and financial stability.
There are only a limited number of studies that have investigated the direct link between house prices and employment or unemployment. Given the increased importance of labor market variables, particularly the choice of the unemployment rate as a key indicator in designing forward guidance and the increased financial stability concerns regarding house price dynamics, it is important to better understand the causal linkages between house prices and unemployment rates. To the best of the author’s knowledge, this paper is the first to apply the bootstrap panel Granger causality approach to examine the relationship between house prices and unemployment rates.
The useful comments of two anonymous referees are really appreciated. Of course, any remaining error is the auhtor’s.
Irandoust, M. (2019), "House prices and unemployment: an empirical analysis of causality", International Journal of Housing Markets and Analysis, Vol. 12 No. 1, pp. 148-164. https://doi.org/10.1108/IJHMA-03-2018-0021
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