Dehydration and cognition: an understated relation

Rita Merhej (Department of Psychology, Faculty of Social and Behavioral Sciences, Haigazian University, Beirut, Lebanon)

International Journal of Health Governance

ISSN: 2059-4631

Publication date: 22 February 2019

Abstract

Purpose

Water is essential for mental health. In spite of research evidence that dehydration has detrimental effects on cognitive functioning, the element of water has often been understated in the nutrition literature. The purpose of this paper is to highlight the necessity to integrate water as an essential nutrient for healthy cognitive functioning in nutrition research.

Design/methodology/approach

This study is based on a general review. The first section reviews the literature on the relationship between dehydration and cognitive performance in both adult and children populations, using electronic databases for systematic reviews and meta-analyses (excluding vulnerable populations, such as infants, the elderly and people with disabilities). The second section examines the status of water, as a nutrient, in nutrition and water-related documentation by international authorities (FAO, UNICEF, World Food Program, WHO, etc.).

Findings

Dehydration, even at mild levels, is associated with impairments in basic and higher order cognitive functions. Websites from international authoritative nutrition sources understate the role of water in healthy nutrition, and omit the discussion of the impact of dehydration on cognitive functioning.

Originality/value

The relation between dehydration and cognition is under-documented and not enough elaborated in guidelines and texts of authoritative international health policy and dietary sources.

Keywords

Citation

Rita Merhej (2019) "Dehydration and cognition: an understated relation", International Journal of Health Governance, Vol. 24 No. 1, pp. 19-30

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DOI

: https://doi.org/10.1108/IJHG-10-2018-0056

Publisher

:

Emerald Publishing Limited

Copyright © 2018, Emerald Publishing Limited

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