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Factors affecting strategic plan implementation using interpretive structural modeling (ISM)

Mohammadkarim Bahadori (Health Management Research Center, Baqiyatallah University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran)
Ehsan Teymourzadeh (Health Management Research Center, Baqiyatallah University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran)
Hamidreza Tajik (Health Management Research Center, Baqiyatallah University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran)
Ramin Ravangard (Health Human Resources Research Centre, School of Management and Medical Information Sciences, Shiraz University of Medical Sciences, Shiraz, Iran)
Mehdi Raadabadi (Students Scientific Research Center, Tehran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran)
Seyed Mojtaba Hosseini (Health Services Management, Tehran North Branch, Islamic Azad University, Tehran, Iran)

International Journal of Health Care Quality Assurance

ISSN: 0952-6862

Article publication date: 11 June 2018

Abstract

Purpose

Strategic planning is the best tool for managers seeking an informed presence and participation in the market without surrendering to changes. Strategic planning enables managers to achieve their organizational goals and objectives. Hospital goals, such as improving service quality and increasing patient satisfaction cannot be achieved if agreed strategies are not implemented. The purpose of this paper is to investigate the factors affecting strategic plan implementation in one teaching hospital using interpretive structural modeling (ISM).

Design/methodology/approach

The authors used a descriptive study involving experts and senior managers; 16 were selected as the study sample using a purposive sampling method. Data were collected using a questionnaire designed and prepared based on previous studies. Data were analyzed using ISM.

Findings

Five main factors affected strategic plan implementation. Although all five variables and factors are top level, “senior manager awareness and participation in the strategic planning process” and “creating and maintaining team participation in the strategic planning process” had maximum drive power. “Organizational structure effects on the strategic planning process” and “Organizational culture effects on the strategic planning process” had maximum dependence power.

Practical implications

Identifying factors affecting strategic plan implementation is a basis for healthcare quality improvement by analyzing the relationship among factors and overcoming the barriers.

Originality/value

The authors used ISM to analyze the relationship between factors affecting strategic plan implementation.

Keywords

Acknowledgements

The authors would like to thank participants for their cooperation in collecting and analyzing data.

Citation

Bahadori, M., Teymourzadeh, E., Tajik, H., Ravangard, R., Raadabadi, M. and Hosseini, S.M. (2018), "Factors affecting strategic plan implementation using interpretive structural modeling (ISM)", International Journal of Health Care Quality Assurance, Vol. 31 No. 5, pp. 406-414. https://doi.org/10.1108/IJHCQA-05-2017-0075

Publisher

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Emerald Publishing Limited

Copyright © 2018, Emerald Publishing Limited