Association between outpatient orthopedic surgery costs and healthcare facility characteristics

Yuichi Watanabe (Graduate School of Economics, Waseda University, Tokyo, Japan)
Yoshinori Nakata (Graduate School of Public Health, Teikyo University, Tokyo, Japan)

International Journal of Health Care Quality Assurance

ISSN: 0952-6862

Publication date: 16 April 2018

Abstract

Purpose

The purpose of this paper is to examine the association between outpatient orthopedic surgery costs and Japan’s healthcare facilities using a large-scale Japanese medical claims database.

Design/methodology/approach

The authors obtained reimbursement claims data for 8,588 patients who underwent orthopedic surgery between April 1 and September 30, 2014 at 3,347 Japanese healthcare facilities. Regression analysis, using ordinary least squares, examined the association between outpatient orthopedic surgery costs and healthcare facility characteristics. By using surgical fees as proxy for the surgical costs, the authors defined three dependent variables: surgical cost for each outpatient orthopedic surgery; pre- and post-operative cost one month before and after a surgical operation; and total cost for each patient. The authors also defined five independent variables, which capture healthcare facility characteristics and patient-specific factors: bed count; whether healthcare facilities are reimbursed in a diagnosis procedure combination system; patient’s age; sex; and anatomical surgical sites.

Findings

The authors analyzed 6,456 outpatient orthopedic surgical cases performed at 3,085 healthcare facilities. There were significant differences in the surgical costs for outpatient orthopedic surgery among different healthcare facilities by total beds (p=0.000). Multivariate regression analysis shows that surgical costs for outpatient orthopedic surgery are positively and significantly associated with healthcare facilities classified by total beds after adjusting for patient-specific characteristics (p<0.05).

Originality/value

This is the first research to examine the association between costs for outpatient orthopedic surgery and healthcare facility characteristics in Japan. This study via the multivariate regression method showed that outpatient orthopedic surgery is likely to cost higher as healthcare facility size increased. The average incremental costs for each outpatient orthopedic surgery per 100 beds were calculated at $48.5 for surgery, $40.7 for pre- and post-operative care, and $89.2 total cost.

Keywords

Citation

Watanabe, Y. and Nakata, Y. (2018), "Association between outpatient orthopedic surgery costs and healthcare facility characteristics", International Journal of Health Care Quality Assurance, Vol. 31 No. 3, pp. 265-272. https://doi.org/10.1108/IJHCQA-03-2017-0043

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Publisher

:

Emerald Publishing Limited

Copyright © 2018, Emerald Publishing Limited

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