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Satisfactions comparisons: women with families, full-time and part-time self-employed

Ilona Ebbers (International Institute of Management and Economic Literacy, Europe-University of Flensburg, Flensburg, Germany)
Alan Piper (International Institute of Management and Economic Literacy, Europe-University of Flensburg, Flensburg, Germany)

International Journal of Gender and Entrepreneurship

ISSN: 1756-6266

Article publication date: 12 June 2017

Abstract

Purpose

In spite of numerous political initiatives, the proportion of self-employed women in Germany has stagnated. This paper aims to offer a new perspective on this problem. The investigation and data gathered about job and life satisfaction of women with families can provide information on the reasons for starting a business, and the low participation of women in entrepreneurial activity.

Design/methodology/approach

After a literature review, representative German panel data is analysed to investigate the job and life satisfaction of full- and part-time self-employed women with a family.

Findings

Self-employed women with families who work full-time are more satisfied with their jobs than those who work part-time. There is no statistically significant difference between these two groups with respect to their life satisfaction.

Research limitations/implications

An implication of the results suggests new ideas and a new focus by policy makers and politicians when trying to increase the quantity of women with families engaging in self-employment. A limitation is that a lack of “within” variation in the data means that the panel nature of the survey cannot be usefully incorporated into the investigation.

Originality/value

Until now, there is limited research about the work and life satisfaction of women with a family comparing full- and part-time self-employment. This analysis is potentially valuable because the number of part-time self-employed women is substantially higher than the number of full-time self-employed women. We find evidence that such women may instead prefer full-time self-employment.

Keywords

Citation

Ebbers, I. and Piper, A. (2017), "Satisfactions comparisons: women with families, full-time and part-time self-employed", International Journal of Gender and Entrepreneurship, Vol. 9 No. 2, pp. 171-187. https://doi.org/10.1108/IJGE-11-2016-0046

Publisher

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Emerald Publishing Limited

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