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Factors affecting the success of women’s entrepreneurship: a review of literature

Ezilda María Cabrera (Department of Industrial Engineering, Universidad de Lima, Lima, Peru and Department of Industrial Engineering, Universidad Nacional Mayor de San Marcos, Lima, Peru)
David Mauricio (Department of Industrial Engineering, Universidad Nacional Mayor de San Marcos, Lima, Peru)

International Journal of Gender and Entrepreneurship

ISSN: 1756-6266

Article publication date: 13 March 2017

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Abstract

Purpose

Women entrepreneurship has grown significantly all over the world, and it is widely established that entrepreneurship is important for economic growth and wealth. Despite those facts, women’s participation in entrepreneurship is lower than men’s in almost all societies. Those phenomena get the attention of scholars from diverse disciplines, all of them interested in the behaviour and profile of female entrepreneurs and their business success rates. Several isolated factors were studied, with positive and negative effects on each stage of the entrepreneur process, for women entrepreneurs, so the purpose of this research is identify, classify by their impact and organise those factors in relation to the stages of the entrepreneur process.

Design/methodology/approach

The literature on factors affecting female entrepreneurship produced since January 2010 until October 2015 is analysed to define entrepreneurial success, identify factors affecting success at each stage of the entrepreneurial process and propose and organise those factors at individual and environment levels.

Findings

Several factors affecting female entrepreneurial success at each stage of the entrepreneurship process were found and organised at the internal (individual), micro, meso and macro environment level. In the literature reviewed, the most considered factors are: at the internal level, human capital, education and experience, with effects on the opportunity identification stage of the entrepreneurial process, and at the micro environment level, access to resources with effects on the opportunity recognition, acquiring resources and entrepreneurial performance stages, both with influence on quantitative and qualitative indicators of success.

Originality/value

This paper proposes an integrated classification and an array for all those factors that have an influence on women’s entrepreneurship and its success, relating those to the entrepreneurship process.

Keywords

Citation

Cabrera, E.M. and Mauricio, D. (2017), "Factors affecting the success of women’s entrepreneurship: a review of literature", International Journal of Gender and Entrepreneurship, Vol. 9 No. 1, pp. 31-65. https://doi.org/10.1108/IJGE-01-2016-0001

Publisher

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Emerald Publishing Limited

Copyright © 2017, Emerald Publishing Limited