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Fault location in distribution network using travelling waves

Ranjeet Kumar (Department of Electrical Engineering, Malaviya National Institute of Technology Jaipur, Jaipur, India)
D. Saxena (Department of Electrical Engineering, Malaviya National Institute of Technology Jaipur, Jaipur, India)

International Journal of Energy Sector Management

ISSN: 1750-6220

Article publication date: 6 November 2018

Issue publication date: 8 August 2019

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Abstract

Purpose

An electrical power distribution network is expected to deliver uninterrupted power supply to the customers. The disruption in power supply occurs whenever there is a fault in the system. Therefore, fast fault detection and its precise location are necessary to restore the power supply. Several techniques are proposed in the past for fault location in distribution network but they have limitations as their fault location accuracy depends on system conditions. The purpose of this paper is to present a travelling wave-based fault location method, which is fast, accurate and independent of system conditions.

Design/methodology/approach

This paper proposes an effective method for fault detection, classification and location using wavelet analysis of travelling waves for a multilateral distribution network embedded with distributed generation (DG) and electric vehicle (EV) charging load. The wavelet energy entropy (WEE) is used for fault detection and classification purpose, and wavelet modulus maxima (WMM) of aerial mode component is used for faulted lateral identification and exact fault location.

Findings

The proposed method effectively detects and classifies the faults, and accurately determines the exact fault location in a multilateral distribution network. It is also found that the proposed method is robust and its accuracy is not affected by the presence of distributed generation and electric vehicle charging load in the system.

Originality/value

Travelling wave based method for fault location is implemented for a multilateral distribution network containing distributed generation and electric vehicle load. For the first time, a fault location method is tested in the presence of EV charging load in distribution network.

Keywords

Citation

Kumar, R. and Saxena, D. (2020), "Fault location in distribution network using travelling waves", International Journal of Energy Sector Management, Vol. 13 No. 3, pp. 651-669. https://doi.org/10.1108/IJESM-07-2018-0007

Publisher

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Emerald Publishing Limited

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