This paper aims to investigate the situation and evolution of sustainability performance in China.
This paper adopts the global Malmquist-Luenberger (GML) productivity index based on data envelopment analysis and Tobit regression for analysis.
The results indicate the following: China’s sustainability performance has been improving since 2005 and is closely related to the national development strategy and supportive policy; regional gaps in sustainability are a prominent problem represented by the fact that South Central China is becoming a sustainability collapse zone; interprovincial heterogeneity is evident with the varying development speed and conditions; and the level of sustainability performance has a significantly positive correlation with the urbanization rate, investment completed in the treatment of industrial pollution, government appropriation for education and per capita area of paved roads, but it has a negative correlation with the possession of private vehicles.
As an application, this study assessing the GML productivity index of 30 provinces in China from 2005 to 2015 and analyse the sustainability performance on three regional levels (i.e. country level, regional level and provincial level). Tobit regression is also applied to recognize the factors related to the GML index with the results taken as references for policy suggestions. The results have implications for a comprehensive understanding of China's sustainability performance and policymaking in this field.
Liu, K.-d., Yang, D.-G., Yang, G. and Zhou, Z.-T. (2021), "Assessing the regional sustainability performance in China using the global Malmquist-Luenberger productivity index", International Journal of Energy Sector Management, Vol. 15 No. 4, pp. 820-854. https://doi.org/10.1108/IJESM-03-2019-0023
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