DEA window analysis and Malmquist index to assess efficiency and productivity in the Spanish electricity sector
International Journal of Energy Sector Management
Article publication date: 2 January 2020
Issue publication date: 26 July 2021
The purpose of this paper is to demonstrate that overcapacity and tariff deficit (external constraints) negatively affect the efficiency of distribution firms in the Spanish electricity sector. To do this, the paper is based on the theory of constraints and theory of economic regulation.
Data envelopment analysis (DEA) window methodology is carried out on the constant scales (I-C) with a sample consisting of five main distribution firms during the period from 2006 to 2015. In turn, an analysis of the Malmquist index is carried out to assess whether it has had a displacement with respect to the efficiency frontier.
The results show that the overcapacity and the tariff deficit negatively affect the efficiency of the distribution firms of the Spanish electricity sector. In addition, there is an existence of external constraints that affect the activities of regulated organisations and the importance of adequate legislation in regulated sectors.
This study defines a model that shows how the efficiency problems associated with electricity distribution companies such as productive overcapacity or tariff deficit can be measured based on the theory of constraints and theory of economic regulation.
Sánchez-Ortiz, J., Garcia-Valderrama, T., Rodríguez-Cornejo, V. and Cabrera-Monroy, F. (2021), "DEA window analysis and Malmquist index to assess efficiency and productivity in the Spanish electricity sector", International Journal of Energy Sector Management, Vol. 15 No. 4, pp. 765-788. https://doi.org/10.1108/IJESM-03-2019-0020
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