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Using probability impact matrix (PIM) in analyzing risk factors affecting the success of oil and gas construction projects in Yemen

Mukhtar A. Kassem (Programme of Civil Engineering, Faculty of Engineering and Built Environment, Universiti Kebangsaan, Bangi, Malaysia)
Muhamad Azry Khoiry (Smart and Sustainable Township Research Centre, Faculty of Engineering and Built Environment, Universiti Kebangsaan, Bangi, Malaysia)
Noraini Hamzah (Smart and Sustainable Township Research Centre, Faculty of Engineering and Built Environment, Universiti Kebangsaan, Bangi, Malaysia)

International Journal of Energy Sector Management

ISSN: 1750-6220

Article publication date: 14 August 2019

Issue publication date: 19 March 2020

Abstract

Purpose

This study aims to identify and assess the significant risks in Yemen oil and gas construction projects based on their risk rating (impact and probability) by using probability–impact matrix (PIM).

Design/methodology/approach

In total, 51 risk factors that might affect construction projects in the oil and gas sector are defined through a detailed literature review and expert judgment. The risk factors were tabulated in a questionnaire form, which was sent to a total of 400 participants asking their contribution in identifying the risk matrix for the risk factors in terms of impact and probability of occurrence during the project life cycle. Five zones were used in the matrix according to the degree of risk factor’s severity on the success of the project. These zones are light green, dark green, yellow, light red and dark red.

Findings

The PIM analysis for risk factors found that five factors are located in the dark red zone, as top risks factors have a very high impact and very high probability of occurring; 40 factors are located in the light red zone; six factors are located in the yellow zone; and no factors are located in the green zone (light and dark), which is considered an indication of the importance of risk factors under study and their impact on the success of construction projects in the oil and gas sector. Moreover, the factors under feasibility study and design and resources and material; are the most categories effect on project success.

Research limitations/implications

The research was limited to the oil and gas construction projects in Yemen.

Practical implications

Practically, this study highlights the top risk factors in oil and gas construction projects, which might cause an adverse effect on project success in Yemen. Classification and ranking of these factors by using the risk matrix provide the basis for risk response planning to enhance the chances of project success.

Originality/value

This paper identifies the matrix for risk factors affecting the success of construction projects in the oil and gas industry in Yemen. There is a significant contribution expected from this research, especially for companies operating in the oil and gas sector and other organizations that plan to invest in this field, in addition to expected benefits for the Yemeni Government and researchers because of lack of research in this area.

Keywords

Citation

A. Kassem, M., Khoiry, M.A. and Hamzah, N. (2019), "Using probability impact matrix (PIM) in analyzing risk factors affecting the success of oil and gas construction projects in Yemen", International Journal of Energy Sector Management, Vol. 14 No. 3, pp. 527-546. https://doi.org/10.1108/IJESM-03-2019-0011

Publisher

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Emerald Publishing Limited

Copyright © 2019, Emerald Publishing Limited