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The macroeconomic effects of increase and decrease in oil prices: evidences of asymmetric effects from India

Anver Chittangadan Sadath (Department of Economics, Central University of Kerala, Kasaragod, India)
Rajesh Herolli Acharya (School of Management, National Institute of Technology Karnataka, Surathkal, India)

International Journal of Energy Sector Management

ISSN: 1750-6220

Article publication date: 8 February 2021

Issue publication date: 12 May 2021




The purpose of this paper is to assess whether oil price shocks emanating from oil price increase and decrease have a different impact on the macroeconomic activity.


This study conducts the empirical analysis using structural vector auto-regressive model on Indian data for the period from 1996 to 2017. This paper uses four key macroeconomic variables, namely, real gross domestic product (GDP), the real rate of interest, real money supply, wholesale price index inflation and various linear and non-linear measures of oil price shock.


Empirical results confirm that oil price shock has a significant impact on various macroeconomic variables used in the study. Specifically, shocks emanating from a decline in oil price have a stronger positive impact on real GDP, whereas, a shock due to the rise in oil price has a weaker negative impact on real GDP. Impulse responses confirm that shocks due to a decline in oil prices are long-lasting compared to similar shocks due to a rise in oil prices. Therefore, this study concludes that the macroeconomic impact of oil price shock is asymmetric in India.


This paper adds the following new insights: First, this paper presents a distinct relationship between the growth rate of oil price and GDP during increasing and decreasing phases of oil price to drive home the case for this study. Second, India has adopted crucial administrative initiatives such as deregulation of the market for petroleum products and the promotion of renewable energy during the study period. Finally, previous studies have revealed specific behavioral and economic features of people in India with respect to the demand for petroleum products. In light of these factors, this paper based on Indian experience would be justified.



Sadath, A.C. and Acharya, R.H. (2021), "The macroeconomic effects of increase and decrease in oil prices: evidences of asymmetric effects from India", International Journal of Energy Sector Management, Vol. 15 No. 3, pp. 647-664.



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