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An empirical study on technology readiness level of industries to use green hydrogen in India: role of policy interventions

Sidhartha Harichandan (Institute of Management Technology, Nagpur, India)
Sanjay Kumar Kar (Department of Management Studies, Rajiv Gandhi Institute of Petroleum Technology, Jais, India)

International Journal of Energy Sector Management

ISSN: 1750-6220

Article publication date: 30 April 2024




The purpose of this study is to explore the determinants influencing industrial adoption of green hydrogen amidst the global transition towards sustainability. Recognizing green hydrogen as a pivotal clean energy alternative for industrial applications is critical for understanding its potential integration into sustainable practices.


This research examines the impact of factors such as innovativeness, perceived ease of use, user comfort, optimism and governmental policies on the industrial intention towards green hydrogen usage. Using responses from 227 Indian industry professionals and conducting analysis via the SmartPLS software, the study reveals a discernible discomfort among industrial workers pertaining to the daily application of green hydrogen.


The research presents an array of policy recommendations for stakeholders. Emphasized strategies include the introduction of green hydrogen certificates, sustainable public procurement mechanisms, tax incentives, green labelling protocols and the establishment of a dedicated hydrogen skill development council, all of which can significantly influence the trajectory of green hydrogen adoption within the industrial sector.


This research synthesizes various elements, from industry perception and challenges to policy implications, presenting a holistic view of green hydrogen’s potential role in industry decarbonization and SDG realization. In essence, this study deepens not only the empirical understanding but also pioneers fresh theoretical frameworks, setting a precedent for subsequent academic endeavours.



The authors extend their sincere gratitude to the industrial professionals who participated in their study.


Harichandan, S. and Kar, S.K. (2024), "An empirical study on technology readiness level of industries to use green hydrogen in India: role of policy interventions", International Journal of Energy Sector Management, Vol. ahead-of-print No. ahead-of-print.



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