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An introduction to structural equation modelling for emergency services and disaster research

Sarah Cruddas (Division of Psychology, Nottingham Trent University, Nottingham, UK)

International Journal of Emergency Services

ISSN: 2047-0894

Article publication date: 21 October 2013




Structural equation modelling (SEM) is becoming a popular technique for analysis and is increasingly being used within emergency services and disaster research. The purpose of this paper is to provide a brief overview of SEM to familiarise emergency service and disaster researchers with the technique.


Following a general overview of SEM, including its advantages in relation to other techniques and details of how it should be conducted, current issues surrounding model fit will be discussed.


SEM is a highly flexible tool, which has many advantages over other techniques. It has become a much more accessible method of analysis in recent years due to software advancements, providing the potential to produce high-quality research when applied correctly.


To date SEM has already revealed findings of importance within this field, however, the production of valid and reliable research is dependent upon its correct application. It is hoped that this overview will encourage the use of SEM within emergency service and disaster research in order to provide new insights and enhance public safety and resilience.



Cruddas, S. (2013), "An introduction to structural equation modelling for emergency services and disaster research", International Journal of Emergency Services, Vol. 2 No. 2, pp. 131-140.



Emerald Group Publishing Limited

Copyright © 2013, Emerald Group Publishing Limited

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