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Improving the effectiveness of fire prevention using the “premonition” agent-based model of domestic fire risk behaviours

Dermot Breslin (The Management School, University of Sheffield, Sheffield, UK)
Stephen Dobson (School of Performance and Cultural Industries, University of Leeds, Leeds, UK)
Nicola Smith (South Yorkshire Fire and Rescue Service, Sheffield, UK)

International Journal of Emergency Services

ISSN: 2047-0894

Article publication date: 18 June 2019

Issue publication date: 4 November 2019

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278

Abstract

Purpose

Understanding and predicting the behaviours of households within a community is a key concern for fire services as they plan to deliver effective and efficient public services. In this paper, an agent-based modelling approach is used to deepen understandings of changing patterns of behaviour within a community. The paper aims to discuss this issue.

Design/methodology/approach

This “Premonition” model draws on historical data of fire incidents and community interventions (e.g. home safety checks, fire safety campaigns, etc.) collated by South Yorkshire Fire and Rescue, UK, to unpack patterns of changing household behaviours within the region.

Findings

Findings from simulations carried out using the Premonition model, show that by targeting close-knit groups of connected households, the effectiveness of preventative interventions and utilisation of associated resources is enhanced. Furthermore, by repeating these interventions with the same households over time, risk factors within the wider area are further reduced.

Originality/value

The study thus shows that annual repeat visits to fewer and more targeted high-risk postcodes increase the overall reduction in risk within an area, when compared with a scattered coverage approach using one-off (i.e. not repeat) household visits within a postcode.

Keywords

Acknowledgements

The authors would like to thank Professor Miller and two anonymous reviewers for their invaluable feedback in the development of this paper. The authors would also like to thank Mark Burkitt, Graham Howe, Andrew Kemp, Jason Patrick and Daniela Romano for their contributions to the Premonition project.

Citation

Breslin, D., Dobson, S. and Smith, N. (2019), "Improving the effectiveness of fire prevention using the “premonition” agent-based model of domestic fire risk behaviours", International Journal of Emergency Services, Vol. 8 No. 3, pp. 280-291. https://doi.org/10.1108/IJES-05-2018-0031

Publisher

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Emerald Publishing Limited

Copyright © 2019, Emerald Publishing Limited