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A comprehensive examination of antecedents of cultural intelligence amongst students: Testing the moderation effect of third culture kids

Raavee Kadam (Birla Institute of Technology and Science Pilani Dubai Campus, Dubai, United Arab Emirates)
Srinivasa Rao (Department of Management, BITS Pilani, Dubai, United Arab Emirates)
Waheed Kareem Abdul (Institute of Management Technology, Ghaziabad, India)
Shazi Shah Jabeen (Birla Institute of Technology and Science Pilani Dubai Campus, Dubai, United Arab Emirates)

International Journal of Educational Management

ISSN: 0951-354X

Article publication date: 23 August 2019

Issue publication date: 15 January 2020

Abstract

Purpose

The purpose of this paper is to investigate the various antecedents that impact the development of cultural intelligence (CQ) among students. The study also explores how growing up as a third culture kid (TCK) or a monoculture kid (MCK) impacts the relationship between the antecedents and CQ.

Design/methodology/approach

Using data from 307 students consisting of both TCKs and MCKs, the authors test the direct effects and moderation model amongst the antecedents and CQ. Convenience sampling was employed to choose the participants for the study. Data were collected using a structured questionnaire and administered to the students via e-mail.

Findings

The results indicated that short-term trips abroad, undertaking a cross-cultural management course, local culture proficiency, watching films from other cultures, language of work proficiency, having friends from other cultures and interaction with people from different nationalities had a significant effect on CQ.

Practical implications

This study provides a list of variables that facilitate the development of intercultural competence amongst students, which can be used as a base by academic institutions to develop various courses, classroom activities and university programs. Also, classifying students as TCKs and MCKs helps us understand which CQ antecedents are more important for which category of students.

Originality/value

This is one of the first studies on antecedents of CQ, which explores the impact of being a TCK or MCK on the development of students’ CQ.

Keywords

Citation

Kadam, R., Rao, S., Kareem Abdul, W. and Jabeen, S.S. (2020), "A comprehensive examination of antecedents of cultural intelligence amongst students: Testing the moderation effect of third culture kids", International Journal of Educational Management, Vol. 34 No. 2, pp. 245-262. https://doi.org/10.1108/IJEM-10-2018-0331

Publisher

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Emerald Publishing Limited

Copyright © 2019, Emerald Publishing Limited