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Prosociality as a mediator between teacher collaboration and turnover intention

Takumi Yada (Faculty of Education and Psychology, University of Jyväskylä, Jyväskylä, Finland)
Eija Räikkönen (Faculty of Education and Psychology, University of Jyväskylä, Jyväskylä, Finland)
Kyoko Imai-Matsumura (The Joint Graduate School in Science of School Education, Hyogo University of Teacher Education, Kato, Japan)
Hiroshi Shimada (The Joint Graduate School in Science of School Education, Hyogo University of Teacher Education, Kato, Japan)
Rihei Koike (Himeji Municipal Shikama-chubu Junior High School, Himeji, Japan)
Aini-Kristiina Jäppinen (Faculty of Education and Psychology, University of Jyväskylä, Jyväskylä, Finland)

International Journal of Educational Management

ISSN: 0951-354X

Article publication date: 11 October 2019

Issue publication date: 12 March 2020

505

Abstract

Purpose

The purpose of this paper is to investigate the mediating role of prosociality, which is defined in terms of helping and benefitting others, between teacher collaboration and their turnover intentions. Prosociality was measured as prosocial impact and prosocial motivation.

Design/methodology/approach

This study was conducted through a cross-sectional survey of 260 elementary and junior high school teachers in Japan. A structural equational model was employed to examine the mediating roles of prosocial impact and prosocial motivation in the relationships between teacher collaboration and their turnover intention.

Findings

The results, first, supported the hypotheses: the high perception of teacher collaboration in school predicted high perceived prosocial impact; high perceived prosocial impact predicted high perceived prosocial motivation; and high perceived prosocial motivation predicted decreased turnover intention. Second, results supported partial mediating roles of prosocial impact and prosocial motivation between teacher collaboration and turnover intention.

Research limitations/implications

Limitations of this study include cross-sectional data that may limit the potential for causal inferences, and self-report data. Future studies should incorporate alternative designs.

Practical implications

Results indicate that teacher collaboration contributes to less teacher turnover intention via prosociality. Thus, to enhance teachers’ prosocial impact, more opportunities to realise their collaboration should be considered.

Originality/value

This is the first study to explore the relationships between teacher collaboration and turnover intention in educational organisations with prosociality, which resides as core goals and objectives of teachers.

Keywords

Citation

Yada, T., Räikkönen, E., Imai-Matsumura, K., Shimada, H., Koike, R. and Jäppinen, A.-K. (2020), "Prosociality as a mediator between teacher collaboration and turnover intention", International Journal of Educational Management, Vol. 34 No. 3, pp. 535-548. https://doi.org/10.1108/IJEM-10-2018-0309

Publisher

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Emerald Publishing Limited

Copyright © 2019, Emerald Publishing Limited

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