To read this content please select one of the options below:

There is no “T” in school improvement: the missing team perspective

Pascale Benoliel (Faculty of Social Sciences, The School of Education, Bar-Ilan University, Ramat Gan, Israel)
Izhak Berkovich (Department of Education and Psychology, The Open University of Israel, Ra’anana, Israel)

International Journal of Educational Management

ISSN: 0951-354X

Article publication date: 11 September 2017




The concept of teams tends to be marginalized in the scholarly discussion of school improvement. The purpose of this paper is to argue that teams play a crucial role in promoting an holistic integration of school operation necessary to support school change. Specifically, the paper outlines the dynamic of effective teams at times of school improvement.


The paper presents the concept of teams, elaborates on their central function as a “coupling mechanism,” and describes the reciprocal relations between teams and school change.


The paper emphasizes the reciprocal effects of teams and change, suggesting that teams can serve as key change agents in school restructuring processes, specifically when balancing between “coping” and “pushing” forces. Based on the model, effective team leadership and effective school leadership at times of school change are introduced. Practical implications are discussed for school leaders.


The integration of the concept of teams into the school improvement discourse might assist school leaders to develop processes and procedures that will enable both school teams and schools to react more effectively in times of change and restructuring.



The authors contributed equally to the paper and are presented in alphabetical order.


Benoliel, P. and Berkovich, I. (2017), "There is no “T” in school improvement: the missing team perspective", International Journal of Educational Management, Vol. 31 No. 7, pp. 922-929.



Emerald Publishing Limited

Copyright © 2017, Emerald Publishing Limited

Related articles