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Teachers’ perceptions of fairness, well-being and burnout: A contribution to the validation of the Organizational Justice Index by Hoy and Tarter

Vincenza Capone (Department of Humanities, University of Naples Federico II, Naples, Italy)
Giovanna Petrillo (Department of Humanities, University of Naples Federico II, Naples, Italy)

International Journal of Educational Management

ISSN: 0951-354X

Article publication date: 8 August 2016

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Abstract

Purpose

The purpose of this paper is to contribute to the validation of the Organizational Justice Index (OJI) by Hoy and Tarter (2004), a self-report questionnaire for teachers’ perceptions of fairness in the operation and administration of schools.

Design/methodology/approach

In two studies the authors validated the Italian version of the OJI. Study 1 included 164 Italian high school teachers (76.8 percent were female) to test structure and construct validity. Study 2 involved 200 teachers (permanent and temporary teachers) to confirm the structure of the scale, test the construct and criterion validity, and invariance.

Findings

Confirmatory factor analyses confirmed the one-factor solution and that the structure of the scale was the same across teachers. Results revealed high internal reliability. The OJI correlated positively with equity, school climate, and job satisfaction, and negatively with depression and burnout.

Research limitations/implications

Since the research approach could lead to common method variance issues, it will be important to determine the associations of OJI with non-self-report assessments.

Practical implications

The OJI can be applied optimally to: assess potential organizational problems prior to conducting major interventions; investigate school dynamic problems; target interventions designed to enhance perception of organizational justice; incorporate evaluation of organizational justice as part of regular employee assessments.

Originality/value

Overall findings fill the need of standardized measures of organizational justice for specific context. The OJI is a valid instrument to measure organizational justice in school, involving different type of teachers.

Keywords

Citation

Capone, V. and Petrillo, G. (2016), "Teachers’ perceptions of fairness, well-being and burnout: A contribution to the validation of the Organizational Justice Index by Hoy and Tarter", International Journal of Educational Management, Vol. 30 No. 6, pp. 864-880. https://doi.org/10.1108/IJEM-02-2015-0013

Publisher

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Emerald Group Publishing Limited

Copyright © 2016, Emerald Group Publishing Limited

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