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Development and validation of a unidimensional domain-specific entrepreneurial self-efficacy scale

Leon Schjoedt (Mahasarakham Business School, Mahasarakham University, Mahasarakham, Thailand)
Justin B. Craig (Kellogg School of Management, Northwestern University, Evanston, Illinois, USA)

International Journal of Entrepreneurial Behavior & Research

ISSN: 1355-2554

Article publication date: 9 January 2017

Abstract

Purpose

Given the nature of entrepreneurship, a domain-specific self-efficacy scale should pertain to venture creation, be unidimensional, and be developed and validated using nascent entrepreneurs – persons for whom self-efficacy may be most important. Extant measures employed in entrepreneurship research do not meet all these criteria. The purpose of this paper is to develop and validate a unidimensional entrepreneurial self-efficacy (ESE) scale based on samples of nascent entrepreneurs.

Design/methodology/approach

Data from a sample of nascent entrepreneurs and items from PSED I were used to develop and assess the validity of a new ESE scale. To further establish scale validity, a comparison group from PSED I along with a sample of nascent entrepreneurs from PSED II were employed.

Findings

A unidimensional three-item self-efficacy scale for assessing a person’s belief that s/he can create a new business successfully is developed and validated using samples of nascent entrepreneurs and a control group.

Research limitations/implications

The scale offers opportunity to enhance research-based assessment using a parsimonious, reliable, and valid unidimensional measure of ESE. The scale may enhance future research findings, as well as promoting reconsideration of past research findings, on many issues in the entrepreneurship literature.

Originality/value

This research uses a sample of nascent entrepreneurs to provide a new three-item scale for assessment of ESE that is parsimonious, valid, and unidimensional.

Keywords

Citation

Schjoedt, L. and Craig, J.B. (2017), "Development and validation of a unidimensional domain-specific entrepreneurial self-efficacy scale", International Journal of Entrepreneurial Behavior & Research, Vol. 23 No. 1, pp. 98-113. https://doi.org/10.1108/IJEBR-11-2015-0251

Publisher

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Emerald Publishing Limited

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