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To leave or not? The impact of family support and cognitive appraisals on venture exit intention

Fei Zhu (Nottingham University Business School China, University of Nottingham Ningbo China , Ningbo, China)
Katrin Burmeister-Lamp (Rotterdam School of Management, Erasmus University , Rotterdam, The Netherlands)
Dan Kai Hsu (Department of Management, Appalachian State University , Boone, North Carolina, USA)

International Journal of Entrepreneurial Behavior & Research

ISSN: 1355-2554

Article publication date: 2 May 2017

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Abstract

Purpose

The purpose of this paper is to examine how family support affects challenge and hindrance appraisals, which in turn, influence entrepreneurs’ venture exit intention drawing on the challenge-hindrance job stressor model, family support, and the venture exit literature.

Design/methodology/approach

An experimental study (Study 1) was conducted to establish the relationships among family support, challenge and hindrance appraisals, and entrepreneurs’ venture exit intention. Two survey studies (Study 2 and Study 3) were conducted to extend the external validity of findings in Study 1 and to examine whether the theoretical framework holds in both the US and Chinese contexts.

Findings

All three studies demonstrate that family support decreases entrepreneurs’ venture exit intention by reducing hindrance appraisal. Study 3 also shows the mediating role of challenge appraisal in the family support – venture exit intention relationship.

Originality/value

This research contributes to the family embeddedness perspective not only by showing its relevance to the venture exit context but also by validating the relationship of family support with cognitive appraisals and venture exit intention in two cultural contexts. It also contributes to venture exit research by highlighting the unique role of cognitive appraisals in the formation of entrepreneurs’ venture exit intention.

Keywords

Citation

Zhu, F., Burmeister-Lamp, K. and Hsu, D.K. (2017), "To leave or not? The impact of family support and cognitive appraisals on venture exit intention", International Journal of Entrepreneurial Behavior & Research, Vol. 23 No. 3, pp. 566-590. https://doi.org/10.1108/IJEBR-04-2016-0110

Publisher

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Emerald Publishing Limited

Copyright © 2017, Emerald Publishing Limited