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Humanitarian supply chain management: modeling the pre and post-disaster relief operations

Sachin Agarwal (Department of Mechanical Engineering, Sardar Vallabhbhai National Institute of Technology, Surat, India)
Ravi Kant (Department of Mechanical Engineering, Sardar Vallabhbhai National Institute of Technology, Surat, India)
Ravi Shankar (Department of Management Studies, IIT Delhi, New Delhi, India)

International Journal of Disaster Resilience in the Built Environment

ISSN: 1759-5908

Article publication date: 7 June 2021

Issue publication date: 9 August 2022

347

Abstract

Purpose

This study proposed a mathematical model for decision-making in the pre- and post-disaster phases. This research aims to develop a mathematical model for three important fields in the context of humanitarian logistics; stock prepositioning, facility location and evacuation planning in the humanitarian supply chain (HSC) network design.

Design/methodology/approach

This study applied three optimization techniques; classical approach (CA), pattern search algorithm (PSA) and Genetic Algorithm (GA) to solve the proposed mathematical model. The proposed mathematical model attempts to minimize the total relief items supply chain cost and evacuation chain cost of the HSC. A real case study of cyclone Fani, 2019 in Orissa, India is applied to validate the proposed mathematical model and to show the performance of the model.

Findings

The results demonstrate that heuristic approach; PSA performs better and optimal solutions are obtained in almost all the cases as compared to the GA and CA.

Research limitations/implications

This study is limited to deterministic demands in the affected regions, and different scenarios of the disaster events are not considered.

Social implications

The finding reveals that the proposed model can help the humanitarian stakeholders in making decisions on facility location, relief distribution and evacuation planning in disaster relief operations.

Originality/value

The results of this study may offer managerial insights to practitioners and humanitarian logisticians who are engaged in HSC implementation.

Keywords

Citation

Agarwal, S., Kant, R. and Shankar, R. (2022), "Humanitarian supply chain management: modeling the pre and post-disaster relief operations", International Journal of Disaster Resilience in the Built Environment, Vol. 13 No. 4, pp. 421-439. https://doi.org/10.1108/IJDRBE-10-2020-0107

Publisher

:

Emerald Publishing Limited

Copyright © 2021, Emerald Publishing Limited

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